October 11: French fleet and expeditionary force defeated off coast of Ireland; six of eight warships captured. August 1: The Convention adopts the principles of the, August 1: On order by decree of the Convention, a mob profanes the tombs of the Kings of France at the, August 2: Marie-Antoinette is transferred from the Temple to the, August 8: The Convention sends an army led by. July 9: Robespierre speaks again at the Jacobin Club, denying he has already made lists, and refusing to name those he plans to arrest. They occupy. April 1: Dumouriez arrests the commissaires of the Convention and Minister of War and hands them over to the Austrians. June 22: End of the civil war in the west of France, with the submission of, August 5: Bonaparte defeats the Austrians under, September 8: Bonaparte defeats the Austrians under Wurmser at the, September 9: Failed insurrection at the Grenelle army camp Paris by followers of Gracchus Babeuf, and diehard. December 28: The Assembly votes to summon a mass army of volunteers to defend the borders of France. May 26: At the Jacobin Club, Robespierre and Marat call for an insurrection against the Convention. July 17: Charlotte Corday is tried and sentenced to death by the Revolutionary Tribunal for murdering Marat. May 15: Law passed that allows for the redemption of manorial dues. July 23: Robespierre attends a meeting of reconciliation with the members of the Committees of Public Safety and General Security, and the dispute seems settled. His army pulls back to the west bank of the. The new elected Paris assembly votes the destruction of the Bastille fortress. September 21: The remains of Marat are placed in the Panthéon. The nobility was revived in 1805 with limited rights as a titled elite class from the First Empire to the fall of the July Monarchy in 1848, when all privileges were permanently abolished. October 6: A French-Dutch army under General. In the latter months of 1793 he came to dominate the Committee of Public Safety, the principal organ of the Revolutionary government during the Reign of Terror, but in 1794 he was overthrown and executed. April 9–18: Elections for one-third of the seats in the French legislature. December 3: The Convention forms a committee of sixteen members to complete work on the Constitution of 1793. November 9: Former finance minister Brienne is arrested at Sens. May 22: Third day of uprising in Paris. December 16: Conviction and execution of the Jacobin. The Republic of France was declared, and soon the King was put on trial. December 1: Bonaparte rejects a constitution proposed by Sieyès. January 7: Riot in Versailles demanding lower bread prices. November 27: The Assembly decrees that all members of the clergy must take an oath to the Nation, the Law and the King. July 31: The Assembly decides to take legal action against Marat and Camille Desmoulins because of their calls for revolutionary violence. March 11: Bonaparte visits the hospital for plague victims in Jaffa. April 23: The Convention names a commission of eight members to revise the Constitution. Give your reasons. October 5: Spain, now allied with France, declares war on Britain. April 12: The Convention votes to arrest Marat for using his newspaper, April 15: The mayor of Paris, Jean Nicolas Pache, demands that the Convention expel 23 deputies belonging to the moderate. November 15–17: Decisive victory of Bonaparte over the Austrians at the, December 4: Abrogation of the harshest parts of the October 25, 1795 laws punishing, January 7: A new Austrian army commanded by General, January 14: Bonaparte defeats the Austrians at the, February 2: Surrender of last Austrian forces in Italy, in, February 14: Defeat of the Spanish fleet, ally of the French, at the, February 20: Beginning of the trial of Babeuf and his leading followers at the High Court of Justice in. February 15: General Berthier, in Rome, proclaims a new. He is denounced by, July 11: As the Austrian army advances slowly toward Paris, the Assembly declares that the Nation is in danger (. May 25: The Third Estate deputies from Paris, delayed by election procedures, arrive in Versailles. Why, according to this source, did the King ‘recant all his former words’ and agree to the people’s demands? The following is a timeline of the French Revolution. October 5: To break with the past and replace traditional religious holidays, the Convention adopts the newly created. On January 21, 1793, Louis XVI was marched to the guillotine. May 10: Arrest of Jean Nicolas Pache, the former mayor of Paris, followed by his replacement by, June 2: Naval battle between British and French fleets off. What main reason is suggested for wanting these people to return? January 18: Marat publishes a fierce attack on finance minister Necker. October 9: Lyon is recaptured by the army of the Convention. August 16: The Assembly establishes positions of. The National Convention decided to put Louis on trial for his crimes. August 27: Anti-Convention leaders in Toulon invite the British fleet and army to occupy the city. March 18: French voters are required to take an oath of fidelity to the government before voting on April 18. He lifts the siege on May 17. September 27: The Assembly declares that all men living in France, regardless of color, are free, but preserves slavery in French colonies. March 24: Hébert and leaders of the Cordeliers are condemned to death and guillotined. The Assembly announces that he was taken against his will, and sends three commissioners to bring him back to Paris. March 3: The Assembly orders that the silver objects owned by the Church be melted down and sold to fund the government. The Paris Commune begins preparing a seizure of power. April 3: Convention declares Dumouriez outside the law. April 4: The Assembly granted equal rights to free people of color in Haiti. v3.0, except where otherwise stated, Locating privilege and inequality in pre-Revolutionary France, Friends of The National He tried to flee in 1791, but was stopped and forced to agree to a new form of government. Paris is declared in a state of siege. August 3: 47 of the 48 sections of Paris, mostly controlled by the Cordeliers and the Jacobins, send petitions to the Assembly, demanding the removal of the King. November 25: Convention votes to remove Mirabeau's remains from the, December 12: Defeat of the rebel Vendéen army at. January 5: The French legislature passes a law authorizing a loan of eighty million francs to prepare an invasion of England. April 18: The National Guard, despite orders from Lafayette, blocks the royal family from going to the, May 30: The Assembly orders the transfers of the ashes of. February 23: Bonaparte recommends to the Directory the abandonment of the invasion of England, and an invasion of Egypt instead. February 23: The Vendéen rebel and royalist leader Nicolas Stofflet is captured and executed by firing squad in, February 28: On the orders of the Directory, General Bonaparte closes the extreme leftist, March 2: The Directory names General Bonaparte the commander of the, March 23: François de Charette, last leader of the royalist rebellion in Vendée, is captured and executed by firing squad in, May 2: Babeuf's followers and the remaining, May 9: Bonaparte forces an armistice upon the, May 10: Bonaparte defeats the Austrians at the, May 15: Treaty signed in Paris between the Directory and king, May 20: The Austrians renounce the armistice along the Rhine, and the. March 15: Robespierre tells the Convention that "All the factions must perish from the same blow.". On a proposal from, October 12: The Convention decrees that the city of Lyon will be destroyed in punishment for its. September 4: Necker, the finance minister, is dismissed. May 22: The Assembly decides that it alone can decide issues of war and peace, but that the war cannot be declared without the proposition and sanction by the King. August 1: The Convention declares a scorched earth policy against all departments rebelling against its authority. March 19: The Convention decrees the death penalty for any participant in the uprising in the Vendée. January 12: Bonaparte presents a plan for an invasion of England to the Directory. June 10: Despite the Revolution, scientific research continues. January 18: The legislature authorizes French ships to seize neutral ships carrying British merchandise. August 18: The Council of Five Hundred decides, by a vote of 217–214, not to arrest and try the former members of the Directory accused of royalist sympathies. I mean, look at Article 6 of the Declaration of Rights of Man and Citizen: âLaw is the expression of the general will. June 22: The new National Assembly meets in the, June 23: Louis XVI personally addresses the Estates-General (a. June 27: Louis XVI reverses course, instructs the nobility and clergy to meet with the other estates, and recognizes the new Assembly. May 7: A report to the Council of Five Hundred declares that the French elections were irregular, and recommends exclusion of candidates of the far left. December 11: Louis XVI is brought before the Convention. September 20: Last session of Assembly votes a new law permitting civil marriage and divorce. May 2: Presentation to the King of the Deputies of the Estates-General at Versailles. However, a majority of clergymen serving in the Assembly refuse to take the oath. On July 14 1789 the Paris mob, hungry due to a lack of food from poor harvests, upset at the conditions of their lives and annoyed with their King and Government, stormed the Bastille fortress (a prison). March 8: The Assembly decides to continue the institution of, March 12: The Assembly approves the sale of the property of the church by municipalities, April 5-June 10: A series of pro-catholic and anti-revolutionary riots in the French provinces; in. Director Rewbell gives a speech denouncing the extremism of the left. October 10: The thirty-two leaders of the September 9–10 Babeuf uprising are tried by a military tribunal and sentenced to death. March 3: Armed royalist uprising against the Convention begins in. The National Assembly also decides to relocate to Paris. French Jews are granted citizenship. August 11: The Assembly elects a new Executive Committee to replace the government. Why does the ambassador have little to report? Replacing the power of the King, a ‘legislative assembly’ governed from October 1791 to September 1792, and was then replaced by the ‘National Convention’. October 23–29: Royalist forces in Brittany and the Vendée briefly capture several cities, but are quickly driven out by the French army. February 23: Confrontation between the army and crowds in. December 27–28: Motions in the Convention asking that people vote on judgement of the King. December 8: Seventy-three surviving Girondin deputies are given seats again in the Convention. The split dates to the summer of 1789, when members of the French National Assembly met to begin drafting a constitution. The National Assembly takes charge of the public treasury. The women demand that the King and his family accompany them back to Paris, and the King agrees. April 1: The Convention orders the deportation to French Guiana of Barère, Billaud-Varenne, and Collot d'Herbois, and the arrest of eight extreme-left deputies. July 23: The Pope writes a secret letter to Louis XVI, promising to condemn the Assembly's abolition of the special status of the French clergy. April 9: Beginning of legislative elections in France to replace one-third of members. August 17: At the demand of Robespierre and the Commune of Paris, who threatens an armed uprising if the Assembly does not comply, the Assembly votes the creation of a. August 18: The Assembly abolishes the religious teaching orders and those running hospitals, the last remaining religious orders in France. The legislature demands new measures for "public safety". April 27: Massacre of anti-French insurgents in, May 12: Revolutionaries overthrow the government council (, May 16: Bonaparte begins negotiations with the. Use your source evidence effectively and think about the following issues: The French Revolution began in 1789 and lasted until 1794. The French nobility (French: la noblesse) was a privileged social class in France during the Middle Ages and the Early Modern period to the revolution in 1790. April 15: A report to the Convention by Saint-Just calls from greater centralization of the police under the control of the Committee for Public Safety. July 27: At noon, Saint-Just began his speech in the convention, prepared to blame everything on Billaud, Collot d'Herbois and Carnot. July 21: The royalist army in Quiberon surrenders. September 23: Approved by a national referendum, the new Constitution comes into effect. January 21: Louis XVI is beheaded at 10:22 on, January 21: Louis XVI, at age 38, was beheaded by. February 10: Berthier and his army enter Rome. The French Revolution didn’t just take place in 1789. What had been the reaction to the King’s promises following the storming of the Bastille? January 26: The Directory authorizes French troops to intervene on behalf of the Swiss uprising in Vaud against the Swiss government. During the Conventionâs debate on the fate of the king, Saint-Just argued that to provide the king with a trial presupposed the possibility of his innocence, which in turn put into question the Revolution of August 10th that had established the legitimacy of the Republic and the authority of the National Convention. A third, Barras, is talked into resigning by Talleyrand. His release causes riotous celebrations by his supporters. August 26 - The National Assembly adopts the Declaration of the Rights of man and of the Citizen. July 26: Robespierre gives a violent speech at the Convention, demanding, without naming them, the arrest and punishment of "traitors" in the Committees of Public Safety and General Security. June 30: A crowd invades the prison of the Abbey of. October 3: Arrest of the leaders of the bands of armed, October 22: Foundation of the Central School of Public Works, the future. November 12: The Convention orders the suspension of meetings of the Jacobin Club. October 12: Belgian peasants rebel against obligatory service in French army. April 24: Bonaparte fails a third time to capture Saint-Jean-d'Acre. July 27: The Convention institutes death penalty for those who hoard scarce goods. January 24: Breaking of diplomatic relations between England and France. October 6: After an orderly march, a crowd of women invade the Palace. February 6: Championnet orders the expulsion of Faipoult from Naples. November 28: First issue of Desmoulins' weekly, November: the Breton Club is reconstituted in Paris at the Saint-Honore monastery of Doninicans, who were more popularly known as Jacobins, under the name Society of Friends of the Constitution, December 9: The Assembly decides to divide France into departments, in place of the former. June 18–19: Two royalist members of the Directory, Philippe-Antoine Merlin de Douai and La Révellière-Lépeaux, are forced to resign, under threat of being brought to trial by the Councils. March 21: French troops enter the Grand Duchy of Tuscany. At the request of the royal household, the Swiss guards at the Tuileries are reinforced, and joined by many armed nobles. July 28: The Brunswick Manifesto is widely circulated in Paris, causing fury against the King. August 30: Camille Desmoulins organizes an uprising at the. April 4: Following the French model, the new Helvetic Republic declares itself a secular republic. April 3: Jourdan resigns as commander of the Army of the Danube. June 24: Carnot foresightedly despatched a large part of the Parisian artillery to the front. May 20: New session of the French legislature begins. October 8: François de Neufchâteau, Minister of the Interior, creates the first Higher Council on Public Education. Mignet, François, Member of the Institute of France, This page was last edited on 19 December 2020, at 07:04. 205 of the 216 deputies running are defeated, and many are replaced by royalists. 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