dram. Dogwood, Jamaica Botanical: Piscidia erythrina (JACQ.) It is little used in modern herbalism. Botanically called Piscida piscipula, Jamaican dogwood is a deciduous tree which grows from 12 to 15 meters in height and diameter of 46 to 118 cm. Boil dogwood bark in water and use the extract to ease sore and painful muscles. When the southern ports were blocked during the American Civil War making it difficult to obtain cinchona bark - the source of quinine used in treating malaria, people used the bark of dogwood as an effective substitute. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally. Flowering dogwood has a low-branching habit with a flattish crown. Externally, poulticed onto external ulcers and sores. O. P. Brown (1875). Privacy Policy A tea made from the inner bark was used by Native Americans to treat malaria and fever, especially during the Civil War. Dogwood fruits provide food for various mammals and birds and are recommended for wildlife plantings. American Dogwood is a small deciduous tree which grows to the height of 10 meters and often wider than it is tall when mature having trunk diameter upto 30 cm. American dogwood is still used today as medicine, but not very often. The mention of dogwood trees can be found in the works of several authors, old and new. Show all posts. ---Description---A tree with very valuable wood and with the foliage and habit of Lonchocarpus. The flower blooms in late April or May. Multiple dogwood species have been used as folk medicine, but the reputed benefits vary from one dogwood species to another. ex B.D.Jacks. It has soothing and anti-inflammatory properties and reduces hoarseness and treat sore throat discomfort. Terminology. Boil the inner bark and drink tea to lower fevers and restore lost voice. People use Jamaican dogwood for anxiety, sleep problems, nerve pain, migraine, and other conditions, but there is no good scientific evidence to support these uses. Parts used and Uses: Bark Root-bark tea or tincture widely used for malaria and diarrhea throughout South during the Civil War. These trees were once known as Whipple trees. It has smooth, slightly wavy margins and is pointed at the tip. Internally, 1 teaspoonful of the bark in 1 cup of boiling water, steeped for ½ hr. Use it in form of poultice on wounds and ulcers. Understanding Colostomies and Their Affects: A Guide, Health benefits of Marigold – Tagetes erecta, 8 Best Herbal ingredients in diet pills for weight loss, Travel 101: How to Have a Smoother and Safer Trip, 5 Tips For Protecting Your Skin From Frequent Shaving. Common Uses: Golf club heads, textile shuttles, bows (archery), mallets, pulleys, and turned objects. Some people apply American dogwood directly to the skin for boils and wounds. Additionally as a remembrance the flowers grow in the shape of a cross with red stains and a center that resembles a crown of thorns. https://pfaf.org/user/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Cornus+florida, https://extension.tennessee.edu/publications/Documents/PB1670.pdf, https://practicalplants.org/wiki/Cornus_florida, https://www.natureword.com/properties-and-benefits-of-american-dogwood/. Fruits are oval, red berries which grow in clusters and appear in autumn. Both are effective. Fruit oil from the blood twigged dogwood tree, is used in making soaps. Terms & conditions As a garden tree, it is used for shade around patios, as a shrub border or backdrop species, or as single specimens in the lawn. Fresh and dried flowers are prepared into herbal infusions and used for lowering fever in both children and adults. In the mid 1500’s, the trees were known in Europe as the dagwood, because the small stems were used for dags, daggers, arrows or skewers. The American Indians extracted from the twigs and roots of this and other species a scarlet coloring matter for dyeing purposes. The Dogwood tree is an extremely common ornamental plant, dogwood trees offer beautiful flowers and unique fruits. Among the animals that eat them are northern bobwhite, wild turkey, squirrels, white-tailed deer. In traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), dogwood fruit is associated with improving kidney and liver health. It is little used in modern herbalism. Ranges from southern Maine to northern Florida and west to Kansas. 1 or 2 cupfuls may be taken. It is used to treat fevers. The same tea is used externally to help slowly heal deep wounds. They boiled the bark of dogwood in water and utilized the extract to ease sore and painful muscles. Trees of Cornus genus acquired their name Dog-tree in 1548, which was later translated to Dogwood tree and Hound’s tree by 1614. Flowers occur in small, greenish-yellow and inconspicuous clusters at center and above four large and showy white to pinkish bracts. The traditional medical practices use herbal infusions of American dogwood bark, leaves and flowers for treating malaria. Leguminosae. Use it in form of poultice on wounds and ulcers. The name "dog-tree" entered the English vocabulary before 1548, becoming "dogwood" by 1614. One of the early natives of America, George Washington had mentioned in his diary way back in 1785 that ‘a ring of dogwood' has been planted near the old cherry close to the south garden house. And with many unexplored areas of rain forest in the world, many new ones await discovery. This is a good specimen tree for a location with acidic soil and afternoon shade. Dogwood fruit, or Asiatic cornelian cherry fruit, is from the Japanese dogwood scientifically named Cornus kousa. In addition, they also prepared an herbal tea with the bark to stimulate perspiration and, thereby, cure a fever. Also used as a poultice for external sores and ulcers. Each bract is 3 cm (1.2 in) long and 2.5 cm (0.98 in) broad. Leaf stalks are less than 1 inch long and can be either smooth or hairy. Although many drugs that come from trees generally have been replaced by more potent synthetic ones, trees remain a source for some drug ingredients. Skype: healthbenefit55. Used for diarrhea. Homoeopathic Clinical: Tincture of fresh bark—Dyspepsia, Intermittent fever, Pneumonia. It may be used in many cases where quinine is indicated and can not be administered, owing to idiosyncrasy, etc. Family: N.O. The astringent properties cause tissues to constrict limiting fluid loss. Pregnant and breastfeeding women should never use this herb. Aboriginal people also used red osier dogwood: the bark was smoked in pipes or used to make red dye and the branches were used to make baskets. The herb also has been used in dysmenorrhea and to help with labor pains. Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. The bark of the dogwood can also be used to treat external hemorrhoids. Tea or tincture of root bark is used for treating malaria. DO NOT take Jamaica dogwood on your own. People use American dogwood for headaches, fatigue, fever, and ongoing diarrhea. Dogwood teas are also effective in inducing vomiting as well as bringing about relaxation in sick persons. It can be mixed with other fruits and made into jams and jellies. It requires hot and humid summer weather for new growth. The dried root-bark is antiperiodic, astringent, diaphoretic, mildly stimulant and tonic. The name dogwood is a corruption of dagwood or dagger wood because the daggers (for skewering meat) were made from the wood of some sorts (another tradition also exists that the extract of the barks was used for the treatment of skin disease in dogs). The species produces clusters of red or yellow tinged berries which contains one seed each. Flowers are small and inconspicuous with four greenish-yellow bracts about 4 mm long. But so do ingredients for cough syrup, laxatives, pain relievers, tranquilizers, and more. The material is bitter but has astringent properties. When dogwood started blooming during the spring, the attractive creamy white bracts that have resemblance to petals gave a signal to the native Indians that it was the right time to plant corn. Bark is effective against diarrhea. It has been claimed to be an analgesic for toothache, an antispasmodic for asthma, and a hypnotic for insomnia and to treat migraines, neuralgias, renal or intestinal colic, and whooping cough. Dogwood trees do not get very tall and are ideal for landscape plantings where small trees are desired. The dogwood is the state tree of Missouri, the state flower of North Carolina, and Virginia loved it so much that it is actually their state flower AND state tree. It is used for antiperiodic and astringent properties. As a tonic, the Japanese cornel fruit energizes the body and acts as a stabilizer for body fluids. It is best suited for plantings receiving less than full- day sun. The genus Cornus (family Cornaceae) consists of about 40 species, nearly all of which are native to the northern hemisphere. It is also used to increase strength, to stimulate appetite, and as a tonic. Typically they are shiny green and smooth on upper surface and paler on lower surface. The bark of dogwood tree is a rich source of bitter-tasting tannins. Back to Top The tree felt his pain, so Jesus commanded that the Dogwood would never grow so big as to be used for a cross, which is why it remains among the smaller trees. The inhabitants of Virginia love dogwood so dearly that they have named this species as their state tree. This story makes dogwood a Tree Spirit helpful to those seeking Christ Consciousness. Dogwoods were also valued for their healing properties — bunchberry for cold and colic remedies; pagoda dogwood for treating sore eyes; and red osier dogwood for treating ailments relating to digestion, eyes, and fever. This is one of the most conspicuous and handsome of our native trees when in bloom, and is frequently cultivated for its singular beauty. The leaves are sometimes used externally as an astringent. The Red Osier Dogwood which is native to North America has long been used for medicinal purposes by Native American tribes. Medicinal use of Flowering Dogwood: Flowering dogwood was employed medicinally by a number of native North American Indian tribes who valued it especially for its astringent and antiperiodic properties. The wood is very compact and hard, and capable of receiving a high polish, and may be employed for many purposes. The bank of the shrub contains an astringent with tonic qualities. It was sometimes used as a substitute when Peruvian bark could not be obtained. Another well known personality from Virginia who is known for his flawless taste and appreciation of things beautiful, Thomas Jefferson too planted dogwood close to Monticello - his treasured home. © 2020 Healthbenefitstimes. Symptoms of Jamaican dogwood overdose include numbness, tremors, salivation, and sweating. To overcome water brash and other stomach weaknesses, capsules combined with Golden seal (Hydrastis canadensis) and Ginger (Zingiber) in powder form can be taken after meals. Medicinal Uses. All you need to do is to boil about 4 tablespoons of the bark in about 1 liter of water for about half an hour. All rights reserved. People use American dogwood for headaches, wounds, fever, ongoing diarrhea, and other conditions, but there is no good scientific evidence to support these uses. Can Your Dental Practices Impact Your Health? Bark is smooth and light gray when tree is young. Other common names for Jamaican Dogwood are Fish Poison Tree, Dogwood, Jamaican dogwood, Florida fishpoison tree, Fishfuddle, dogwood, Fish Fuddle Tree, Fish Poison, Fish-fuddle tree, Guam, ha’bin, May Bush and Maytree of the Creoles. Of the tincture, ½–1 fl. In addition, the dogwood tree was also a source of medications for these Native American Indians. Reported Uses of Jamaica Dogwood Trees. Dogwood teas are also effective in inducing vomiting as well as bringing about relaxation in sick persons. Flower head has four conspicuous large white and pink or red petals. The inhabitants of Virginia love dogwood so dearly that they have named this species as their state tree. Medicinal use of Dogwood: The bark is astringent and febrifuge. Jamaica dogwood can be toxic. It flowers in April and May, sometimes earlier and sometimes later than this, depending upon the climate. Cynoxylon floridum (L.) Raf. Leaf buds are slender, pointed and flower buds are stalked and globular. Restoration: Flowering dogwood is a soil improver because its leaf litter decomposes more rapidly than most other species. Drink ½ cupful upon retiring at night, hot or warm, or take a mouthful three times a day. The Dogwood grows in various parts of the United States, but more abundantly in the middle states. Jamaica dogwood trees has been claimed to be a calming agent. Other names for the tree include Japanese cornelian cherry, Korean dogwood, Chinese … An old tree will stand about 5 meters tall. Flowering dogwood is a small deciduous tree that blooms with white, pink, or red flowers in early spring; it is the state tree of North Carolina. Lumber, fruits, and nuts come from trees. 5 All-Natural Remedies to Hormone Imbalances, Health benefits of Ashitaba – Angelica keiskei, Health benefits of Salal – Gaultheria shallon, Uses and benefits of Snowberry – Symphoricarpos albus, Interesting facts and benefits of Coralberry – Symphoricarpos orbiculatus, Traditional uses and benefits of Yellow Loosestrife, Uses and benefits of Peyote – Lophophora williamsii, Traditional uses and benefits of Fernleaf Biscuitroot, Facts about Common Toadflax – Linaria vulgaris, Uses and benefits of Virginian Peppercress – Lepidium virginicum, Health benefits of Bay Laurel – Laurus nobilis, Uses and Benefits of Larch – Larix decidua, Eastern United States from the Gulf of Mexico and central Florida to east Texas, Oklahoma and Arkansas to Chicago and southern New England, Elongated, 10–15 mm (0.39–0.59 in) long, 8 mm (0.31 in) wide, Flowering Cornel, Borwood, Green Ozier, Flowering Dogwood, Virginia Dogwood, White Cornel, Florida Dogwood, Arrowwood, American Boxwood, St. Peter’s Crown, False Box, Corona De San Pedro, Boxwood, Cornelian Tree, Green Ozier, Virginia Dogwood, Ovate, 6–13 cm (2.4–5.1 in) long and 4–6 cm (1.6–2.4 in) broad, Tracheophyta  (Vascular plants, tracheophytes). Widely cultivated as an ornamental tree. Flowers form in a dense, rounded and umbel shaped inflorescence and 1-2 cm in diameter. Its leaves turn red in the autumn. The dried root-bark is antiperiodic, astringent, diaphoretic, mildly stimulant and tonic [4, 46, 61, 95, 257]. It forms an excellent substitute for Peruvian bark, having frequently proved efficient in periodic attacks when the foreign drug failed. Bark and root infusion is used for treating childhood diseases such as worms and measles. It turns a rich red-brown in fall. The maximum lifespan of American Dogwood is about 80 years. Thursday, May 22, 2014. Dark green leaves, 3 to 6 inches long, turn an attractive red in fall. A tea made from the leaves and bark is used to treat fever. The leaves, ripe fruit and bark of the Dogwood tree offer many health benefits and have been used for medicinal purposes for many years. Leaves are simple, opposite, ovate measuring 6-13 cm long and 4-6 cm broad with entire margins. Bark preparations have anti-inflammatory properties and are used for treating muscle inflammations and sore throat problems. All you need to do is to boil about 4 tablespoons of the bark in about 1 liter of water for about half an hour. Twigs are slender, greenish to light brown, purplish and upturned at the tip. 2003. Action, Medical Uses, and Dosage – Dogwood bark is tonic, astringent, and slightly stimulant. The fruit matures in autumn. The bark of the dogwood can also be used to treat external hemorrhoids. Dogwood bark is best used as an ointment for ague, malaria (substitute for quinine), fever, pneumonia, colds, and similar complaints. C.W. In fact, this traditional remedy was also adopted by physicians and herbalists at a later period. Flowering dogwood was employed medicinally by a number of native North American Indian tribes who valued it especially for its astringent and antiperiodic properties. Description; Constituents ; Medicinal Action and Uses; Preparations and Dosages---Part Used---Bark. Alder bark contains salicin, the same anti-inflammatory and fever-reducing compound in willow bark. As it grows, bark turns to grayish brown and develops distinctive blocky patter which looks like alligator skin. The wood is used to smoke salmon for preservation. American dogwood bark has antipyretic action which helps to lower fever naturally. Although not as much in modern times, it provided a host of treatments for common ailments in humans. Medicinal Trees. Apart from this, the bark of the dogwood is used to treat mange, and the tea made from the flowers helps in reducing a fever. “Dogwood, or Green ozier, exerts its best virtues in the shape of an ointment”—Dr. ---Habitat---West Indies, Florida, Texas, Mexico, the northern part of South America. 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