Act, Scene, Line (Click to see in context) Speech text: 1. A gentleman reveals to Gertrude and Horatio that she has been wandering around, talking nonsense and singing songs. . RALPH:  Gertrude describes how her clothing spread out over the surface of the water, keeping her afloat for a moment, while she sang songs of praise, or perhaps hymns. ===== Modern spelling version of the above: Queen. Perhaps the most tragic death in "Hamlet" is one the audience doesn't witness. claimed repeatedly only to be feigning madness. resulting guilt. Hamlet is actually away from Denmark when Ophelia dies. for Ophelia might once have been. You may login with either your assigned username or your e-mail address. Although Ophelia (in Hamlet) is one of the least fully-realised female characters in Shakespeare she is probably the most interesting and relevant regarding current gender relations.At a time when Western women struggle to establish their position in this part of the 21st century, Ophelia speaks quite directly to our generation of their plight, which still has not been resolved. an important theme in the play: the question of the moral legitimacy Learning that her former lover killed her father, Ophelia has gone insane. Interestingly, Ophelia enters singing about death and betrayal. corrects him, saying that it is the gravedigger, for his “houses” in Shakespeare’s plays: the clever commoner who gets the better and his assault on Laertes offers a glimpse of what his true feelings Her clothes spread wide. In fact, the only with Laertes, saying that “forty thousand brothers / Could not, Boston, Stratford & Co. From the death of Ophelia, we naturally pass to the scene of her burial. spars with him verbally, first claiming that the grave is his own, Ophelia was caught up in the political and emotional intrigue and died in mysterious circumstances. indicating the collapse of every lasting value in the play into In Act 4 of Shakespeare's Hamlet,everything is falling apart. At the top of Act Three Polonius forces Ophelia to return Hamlet’s letters and renounce his affections. Another room in the castle. Hamlet imagines that Julius Caesar has disintegrated and TLN 3158-3175. Hamlet finally accepts his fate after the graveyard scene. will last until Doomsday. Claudius discusses with Laertes how they will full proof Hamlet’s death. The first gravedigger This death announcement is considered to be one of the most poetic death announcements in literature. Were he to take full RALPH:  The second image of Ophelia that Gertrude proposes is as if she were "a creature native and endued unto that element" — in other words, as if Ophelia were a water nymph, or, as Gertrude said a few lines earlier, a mermaid, who fits in so well with this scene that it’s as if she belonged there, as if it were her home. According to religious directions and prompts, and it is important to note that in Shakespeare’s Earlier in the play (Act III, Scene 1), Gertrude told Ophelia "And for your part, Ophelia, I do wish / That your good beauties be the happy cause of ">Hamlet's wildness." At the Globe Theater, this type into Ophelia’s grave to hold her once again in his arms. Hamlet tries to find out who the grave is for and reflects on the skulls that are being dug up. Enter KING CLAUDIUS and LAERTES Laertes will challenge Hamlet to a duel, with a poisoned sword tip. The cause of … When Laertes in his grief leaps into her grave and curses Hamlet as the cause of Ophelia’s death, Hamlet comes forward. The actor appears to have had some musical training, as Ophelia is given lines from ballads such as "Walsingham" to sing, and, according to the first quarto edition, enters with a lute. the sight of the skull. outraged, Hamlet bursts upon the company, declaring in agonized Ophelia’s … SARAH:  Ophelia continues to float on the surface of the water for just a brief moment — then her clothing becomes waterlogged and pulls her under. responsibility for the consequences of Polonius’s death, he would to Laertes before the duel, blaming his “madness” for Polonius’s Just then, Ophelia enters, acting utterly insane. And mermaid-like awhile, they bore her up. Though they are usually figures of merriment, A discussion of Gertrude's description of Ophelia's death in Act 4, Scene 7 of myShakespeare's Hamlet. SARAH:  Ophelia made a wreath of flowers and attempted to hang it on the branches of the willow. 4, Ophelia loses touch with reality. Get thee to a nunnery, go: The reappearance of the mad Ophelia is devastating to Laertes. ?” (V.i.90–91). All Acts and Scenes are listed on the original Hamlet text page, or linked to from the bottom of this page.. ACT 4, SCENE 7. ===== From 1623 First Folio text. with all their quantity of love, / make up my sum” (V.i.254–256). While agency and intention “do not function efficiently for either Hamlet or Ophelia,” the play allows “more than one means of defining subjectivity” (17). their jests and jibes are all made in a cemetery, among bones of the shipwright, or the carpenter?” (V.i.46–47). Death and the afterlife haunt the young prince Hamlet from the beginning of the play: from “to be or not to be” until the end. Hamlet and Horatio enter at a distance and watch the gravediggers John Everett Millais’ Ophelia painted in 1851 is a depiction of noble woman Ophelia from Shakespeare’s Hamlet. probably not be able to withstand the psychological torment of the This page contains the original text of Hamlet Act 4, Scene 7.Shakespeare’s original Hamlet text is extremely long, so we’ve split the text into one Scene per page. Hamlet’s confrontation with death, manifested primarily in his discovery of Yorick’s skull, is, like Ophelia’s drowning, an enduring image from the play. a darkly comic interpretation, Shakespeare essentially makes a grotesque Ophelia, left alone on stage, grieves the loss of Hamlet’s mind and her own misfortune. mean that the person in question was funny or wore a costume. Act 4, Scene 5. There is a willow grows aslant a brook, That shows his hoar leaves in the glassy stream; Therewith fantastic garlands did … no woman, because men and women are living things and the occupant “maimed,” indicating that the dead man or woman took his or her the procession approaches the grave. HAMLET 135 If thou dost marry, I'll give thee this plague for thy 136 dowry: be thou as chaste as ice, as pure as snow, thou 137 shalt not escape calumny. 5, Ophelia comes into the scene with Gertrude and Claudius. The scene is described in Act IV, Scene VII of Hamlet in a speech by Queen Gertrude. Claudius and Gertrude, recognizing their … churchyard, since her death looks like a suicide. In the churchyard, two gravediggers shovel out a grave Whether or not her death was a suicide is the subject of much debate among Shakespearean scholars. elder Fortinbras in battle, the very day on which young Prince Hamlet own life (V.i.242). Yet now, when Horatio and the gentleman announce Ophelia's request for an audience with Gertrude, Gertrude flatly refuses to see the girl. Use up and down arrows to review and enter to select. Clamb'ring to hang, an envious sliver broke. that the skull belonged to Yorick, King Hamlet’s jester. But by the same When Laertes breaks in on Claudius and Gertrude, Claudius asserts his innocence with regard to Polonius’s death. not dream of—he would eat a crocodile for her, he would be buried En route, Hamlet has learned that Norwegian troops are marching on Denmark. in this scene the gravediggers assume a rather macabre tone, since While it is known that Richard Burbage played Hamlet in Shakespeare's time, there is no evidence of who played Ophelia; since there were no professional actresses on the public stage in Elizabethan England, we may assume that she was played by a boy. room for the fresh grave and speculates darkly about what occupations Act V, scene i →. death at all comes in the next and last scene, when he apologizes At the same moment, Laertes SARAH: That's right, Ralph — part of what makes this scene so poignant is that Ophelia no longer belongs anywhere among the living — her father is dead, and her lover has been brutally unkind to her — it's not clear what her future would have been had her life not ended here. and to remember their plan for revenge. The combatants are pulled apart by the funeral company. Read a translation of The first gravedigger, Ophelia is not well. Laertes. A funeral procession approaches. that hangs over their brother-sister relationship. While doing so, she slipped and fell into the brook. He and Horatio hide as The significance of Ophelia’s madness is to signify her losing two of the most important men in her life, Polonius and Hamlet. the dead. Suddenly, the funeral procession for Ophelia enters the Act 4, scene 7. Soon after, Hamlet mistakenly kills Polonius. as Hamlet might be unrealistic. Hamlet cries that he would do things for Ophelia that Laertes could And, sister, as the winds give benefit And convoy is assistant, do not sleep, But let me hear from you. The gravedigger, who does not recognize Hamlet as the prince, tells Millais had to take the scene of the dying Ophelia in the river and not, l ike many before him, the transition from land to water, to express this Pre-Raffaelite idea 29. Claudius, alarmed, sent Hamlet off to England, intending to have him assassinated. Hamlet Hamlet asks the gravedigger whose grave he digs, and the gravedigger In Act Four she spirals into madness and dies under ambiguous circumstances. Ophelia’s story is tragic as she loses the favour of price Hamlet who then goes on to kill Ophelia’s father. Without interrupting the action of the drama, her funeral serves as a brief respite for the audience before the breathless on-rush of the fast approaching and final catastrophe. Ophelia obeys, but her action sends Hamlet into a fit of misogynistic rage. Ophelia’s death is first announced in the play by Queen Gertrude (Hamlet’s mother) in Act IV, scene vii. the members of the audience who could not afford seats and thus When Ophelia's father, Polonius, is killed by Hamlet in Act 3, sc. This bold cinematic re-imagination of Hamlet shifts the focus from the question of interiority–traditionally embodied by Hamlet–to an ambitious, articulate Gertrude (Empress Wan) and an assertive Ophelia (Qing Nü): both characters do not hesitate to express their love for the prince. Hamlet’s confrontation with death, manifested primarily 4.The description of Ophelia´s death: The Queen in Hamlet and Millais´s painting Ophelia – a comparison time he even comes close to taking responsibility for Polonius’s the skull of a lawyer? She sings songs about death, love, and flowers. He blames Hamlet not only for Polonius murder but also for Ophelia turning mad and is keen for revenge himself. Where be his quiddities now . My necessaries are embark'd. Ophelia’s father had recently been killed by Hamlet in a terrible accident, and she has now gone mad, singing nonsense songs and giving people flowers that she has picked from the garden. Hamlet storms churchyard, including Claudius, Gertrude, Laertes, and many mourning courtiers. . At the end of Act 3, Hamlet killed Polonius, in the mistaken belief that he was killing his uncle. Do you believe Gertrude was lying ? Gertrude and Claudius declare that Hamlet is mad. That … In Act 4, following the death of Polonius, his daughter Ophelia goes mad. is now part of the dust used to patch up a wall. Laertes leaps As Ophelia is laid in the earth, Farewell. After Ophelia’s death in the gravedigger scene, Hamlet reconfirms his love for Ophelia stating that he had always loved her and says after finding out that she’s dead that “Forty thousand brothers, could not, with all their quantity of love, make up my sum.” for Ophelia. of his social superior through wit. The gravediggers are designated as “clowns” in the stage The gravediggers represent a humorous type commonly found HAMLET 132 Let the doors be shut upon him, that he may play the 133 fool no where but in's own house. tells Horatio that as a child he knew Yorick and is appalled at What follows is one of the most explosive scenes of the play. becomes infuriated with the priest, who says that to give Ophelia time the word clown referred to a rustic or peasant, and did not Hamlet soon realizes that the corpse is Ophelia’s. John Everett Millais in 1865, by Charles Dodgson (Lewis Carroll) The uncertainties of Ophelia’s death “also raise questions about whether agency itself can define subjectivity” (15). As Ophelia follows the wishes of her father and the king, Hamlet suspects that he is being watched and all hell … Do you doubt that? SARAH:  Gertrude offers two different visions here of Ophelia singing as she sinks into the water — the first is of someone unaware of her life-threatening danger, and seems to convey Ophelia's actual state. eventually become dust, even great men like Alexander the Great The combination of her former lover’s cruelty and her father’s death sends Ophelia into a fit of grief. He leaps into the grave and fights for his frame outlasts a thousand tenants. death. Hamlet. After Ophelia has gone, Claudius agonizes over her madness and over the stir created by the return of an angry Laertes. However, his solemn theorizing explodes in grief and rage when he sees Ophelia’s funeral procession, and his assault on Laertes offers a glimpse of what his true feelings for Ophelia might once have been. Till that her garments, heavy with their drink, Pulled the poor wretch from her melodious lay, myShakespeare | Hamlet 4.7 Gertrude’s Description of Ophelia's Death. the owners of these skulls served in life: “Why may not that be since he is digging it, then that the grave belongs to no man and who speaks cleverly and mischievously, asks the second gravedigger of the grave will be dead. alive with her. He realizes forcefully that all men will Her death by drowning is not shown onstage but is reported by Gertrude, who says that she fell while trying to hang floral garlands on a tree branch. Ophelia's Burial From The Riddles of Hamlet by Simon Augustine Blackmore. (Image: David Hughes/Shutterstock) The Significance of the Graveyard and the Gravedigger. Gertrude can make neither heads nor tails of what she’s saying, but Ophelia’s songs hint at Hamlet’s betrayal and her father’s death. of character may have particularly appealed to the “groundlings,” Her brother Laertes leaves the family to go to France, after warning Ophelia not to fool around with Hamlet. The king urges Laertes to be patient, uncertainty and absurdity. Hamlet picks up a skull, and the gravedigger tells him The second gravedigger answers that it must be the gallows-maker, Ophelia is driven mad by these event and is found dead in a brook, the scene … Get free homework help on William Shakespeare's Hamlet: play summary, scene summary and analysis and original text, quotes, essays, character analysis, and filmography courtesy of CliffsNotes. This seems wholly inadequate, given that Hamlet has previously fury his own love for Ophelia. However, his solemn theorizing At last he admits that it belongs to off, and Horatio follows. Prior to this moment, the king Claudius and Ophelia’s father, Polonius order Ophelia to stop seeing Hamlet as they hide nearby to view his reaction. Hamlet realizes it is she who has died. doctrine, suicides may not receive Christian burial. Their conversation about Ophelia, however, furthers He and Laertes struggle, with Hamlet protesting his own love and grief for Ophelia. one “that was a woman sir; but, rest her soul, she’s dead” (V.i.146). him that he has been a gravedigger since King Hamlet defeated the was born. Laertes’ passionate explodes in grief and rage when he sees Ophelia’s funeral procession, According to Gertrude, Ophelia had climbed into a willow tree, and then a branch had broken and dropped her into the water, where she drowned. a proper Christian burial would profane the dead. Farewell. This has set off a violent chain reaction. in his discovery of Yorick’s skull, is, like Ophelia’s drowning, Grief-stricken and Later in this scene we see that the Priest also doubts Ophelia's death was an accident (line 213). Her death is reported by Queen Gertrude, Hamlet’s mother, in great poetic detail as though she had witnessed the poor girl’s death. To muddy death. By giving this serious subject Hamlet, wondering who has died, notices that the funeral rites seem Ophelia relies on three men to take care of her (Laertes, Polonius and Hamlet), and she loses the protection of all three of them. Gertrude's Description of Ophelia's Death, There, on the pendant boughs her coronet weeds. of suicide under theological law. They argue whether Ophelia should be buried in the While her songs allude to rivers and boating, and her intimate scene with Hamlet involves rain, Ophelia is not drowned in the end. Ophelia. The queen is convinced that her son is insane. William Shakespeare's Hamlet follows the young prince Hamlet home to Denmark to attend his father's funeral. OPHELIA 134 O, help him, you sweet heavens! and Julius Caesar. SARAH:  That's right, Ralph — part of what makes this scene so poignant is that Ophelia no longer belongs anywhere among the living — her father is dead, and her lover has been brutally unkind to her — it's not clear what her future would have been had her life not ended here. I,3,486. work. Hamlet never expresses a sense of guilt over Ophelia’s death, which Fell in the weeping brook. embrace of the dead Ophelia again advances the subtle motif of incest RALPH:  These two images of Ophelia in fact are complementary — Ophelia is tragically unaware that she is about to die, and yet visually she also seems at home here in this brook, as her madness has finally taken her completely out of her unhappy situation back at the court. an enduring image from the play. stood on the ground. parody of Hamlet’s earlier “To be, or not to be” soliloquy (III.i), After all, the young woman has gone mad, and apparently did nothing to try and escape her watery death. “There is a willow grows aslant a brook. Which time she chanted snatches of old tunes, Or like a creature native and endued unto. are his pain, his fear, and his self-conflict. 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