We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads. Overview Information Date palm is a plant. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/plant/date-palm, American Society for Horticulture Science - The Date Palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.): Overview of Biology, Uses, and Cultivation, date - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), date - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Dates have been essential in supporting humans living in desert regions and thus the cultivation of the plant … The dried fruit is more than 50 percent sugar by weight and contains about 2 percent each of protein, fat, and mineral matter. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Often called the edible date, it has few alternate names except in regional dialects. The fruit has been the staple food and chief source of wealth in the irrigable deserts of North Africa and the Middle East. Other types of dates, such as the medjool, are eaten as fresh produce and gradually shrink and wrinkle as they age. The AA (ABTS assay) of the DPF were 22.83–41.17, 47.6–54.61 and 500.33 μmol Trolox equivalents/100 g dry weights (dw) for SD, SDD and DD, respectively. When offshoots are three to six years old and have formed roots of their own, they are removed and planted. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Food Chem. The date palm was commonly found in the Middle East (and still is), then brought to Spain by Moors (2). - Family : Palm. Single- or multiple-trunked, pinnate palm to 15-25 m (rarely 30 m) tall. The samples used included four types of soft dates (SD) namely Honey date, Bam date, Jiroft date and Kabkab date; three types of semi-dry dates (SDD) namely Sahroon date, Piarom date and Zahedi date and one type of dry date (DD) which was Kharak date. A study was initiated to determine whether phytoplasma was the causal agent. Navigate parenthood with the help of the Raising Curious Learners podcast. In this study, for the first time, the essential oil content and composition of spathe from seven date palm varieties, Phoenix dactylifera L. (var. English: Phoenix dactylifera, the Date palm — by country of cultivation. Phoenix Dactylifera pollen and infertility in the rat Iran J Med Sci December 2006; Vol 31 No 4 209 fresh vegetable to enhance fertility.3 Egyptian scientists have reported the gonad stimulating potency of DPP.3 Pollen grains of date palm were also used to promote fertility in women in ancient Egypt.4 Infertility affects 13-18% of married couples, Floral spikes branch from the axils of leaves that emerged the previous year. Its trunk furnishes timber; the midribs of the leaves supply material for crates and furniture; the leaflets, for basketry; the leaf bases, for fuel; the fruit stalks, for rope and fuel; the fibre, for cordage and packing material; and the seeds are sometimes ground and used as stock feed. Date palm is the second most important horticultural crop of Iran after pistachio. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Most of the dozen or more species of the genus Phoenix (family Palmae) are grown as ornamental palms indoors or out. According to Kikuchi and Miki (1978)the sarocarp contains cholesterol, campesterol, stigmasterol, b-sitosterol,and isofucosterol. OF DATE (PHOENIX DACTYLIFERA) FRUITS FROM IRAN, EFFECT OF COLD STORAGE AND ADDITION TO MINCED CHICKEN MEAT by FOROOGH BIGLARI UNIVERSITI SAINS MALAYSIA Thesis submitted in fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Science JANUARY 2009 Correlation analyses indicated that there was a linear relationship between AA and the TPC or TFC of DPF. Kurma, (Arab: تمر‎, Tamr; nama latin Phoenix dactylifera) adalah tanaman palma dalam genus Phoenix, buahnya dapat dimakan.Walaupun tempat asalnya tidak diketahui karena telah sejak lama dibudidayakan, kemungkinan tanaman ini berasal dari tanah sekitar Teluk Persia.Pohonnya berukuran sedang dengan tinggi sekitar 15-25 m, tumbuh secara tunggal atau membentuk rumpun pada … However, it is certain that the date palm was cultivated as early as 4000 B.C. Biglari F, AlKarkhi, Abbas FM, Easa AM. Male and female flowers are borne on separate plants. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2007.10.033. Phoenix dactyliferaes una de las plantas de más antiguo cultivo en el mundo; hay registros de que ya se cultivaba en 4,000 a. C. y que se utilizó en la construcción de templos y casas de las culturas sumeria, acadia y babilónica. The Spanish then introduced the tree to the Americas. The fatty acidcomposition of the seed oil is 8% lauric, 4% myristic, 25% palmitic, 10%stearic, 45% oleic, and 10% linoleic with some capric and caprylic a… Besides, dates can be grown in Australia, Mexico, South America, southern Africa, and the United States, especially in southern California, Arizona, and Texas (Chao and Krueger, 2007; Al-Harrasi et al., 2014; Hazzouri et al., 2015). The fruit and pollen of the plant are used as medicine. Offshoots are used for commercial plantings. 2008;107:1636–41. Dates have a long shelf life, and many varieties, including the common deglet noor, are often sold dried and processed. The feather-like leaves, up to 6m (20ft) long, are comprise of a spiny petiole, a stout flexible midrib, with slender, grey-green or bluish-green leaflets 20-40cm (8 to 16in) long. The date palm grows about 23 metres (75 feet) tall. Ask for Price or Description SPECIFICATION SHEET PRODUCT NAME: Organic Zahedi dates Varieties: Phoenix dactylifera COUNTRY OF ORIGIN: Iran CERTIFICATION: EU Organic Certified by KIWA BCS PRODUCT DESCRIPTION: This type of Date is dry with a multi-dimensional, hard and bright surface. Cheng CY, Su SY, Tang NY, Ho TY, Chiang SY, Hsieh CL. Date palm, (Phoenix dactylifera), tree of the palm family (Arecaceae) cultivated for its sweet edible fruits. Date palm tree belongs to Arecaceae family (Angiosperms, monocotyledon) consisting of about 200 genera and more than 2,500 … Infected trees displaying symptoms of streak yellows and varied in the incidence and severity of yellowing. in Iran, Egypt, and Pakistan. It is now considered to be a valuable source of natural medicinal products against various diseases. 2013;4(12):45-50. PHOENIX DACTYLIFERA. The sap is also used as a beverage, either fresh or fermented, but, because the method of extraction seriously injures the palm, only those trees that produce little fruit are used for sap. The date palm (Phoenix dactylifera), a tropical and subtropical tree, belongs to the family Palmae (Arecaceae), and today its worldwide production, utilization, and industrialization is continuously increasing. Updates? Phoenix dactylifera Enclosed with Ficus religiosa - Jagadispur - Howrah 2015-03-08 6813.JPG 4,000 × 6,016; 14.34 MB Phoenix dactylifera et plantes épiphytes Piazza Vittoria.jpg 2,592 × … It has a dark color (light brown) at the tip and golden hue color near the cap. The date is a one-seeded fruit, or drupe, usually oblong but varying much in shape, size, colour, quality, and consistency of flesh, according to the conditions of culture and the variety. Palms begin to bear fruit in 4 to 5 years and reach full bearing at 10 to 15 years, yielding 40 to 80 kg (90 to 180 pounds) or more each. The date palm is grown as an ornamental tree along the Mediterranean shores of Europe, and its leaves are used for the celebration of Palm Sunday among Christians and for the celebration of Sukkoth (Feast of Tabernacles) among Jews. By continuing you agree to the use of cookies. - Origin : Africa and the west China. The tree is propagated either from seeds or from suckers, offshoots that arise chiefly near the base of the stem in the early years of the life of the palm. During the past decade, Egypt, Iran, Saudi Arabia and Algeria represented the main date producers. Food chemistry. The total phenolic content (TPC) and total flavonoid content (TFC) of the DPF … The Date Palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.): Overview of Biology, Uses, and Cultivation ChihCheng T. Chao Department of Botany and Plant Sciences, University qI California-Riverside, Riverside, CA 92521-0124 Robert R. Krueger United States Department ofAgriculture—Agricultural Research Service, National Clonal Germplasm Repositoiy Egypt, Iran, Saudi Arabia, and Iraq are the leading date-producing and date- exporting countries, although fruit from Algeria and Tunisia also is well known in Europe. Date palms are grown in the Canary Islands, northern Africa, the Middle East, Pakistan, India, Mexico, and the U.S. state of California. Natural History: The earliest findings of date palms were around 5,000-6,000 B.C. Antioxidant activity and phenolic content of various date palm (Phoenix dactylifera) fruits from Iran. Existe una leyenda que dice que fue la palma datilera, y no la manzana como comúnmente se piensa, el árbol del conocimiento del bien y el mal que se menciona en la Biblia. "Medjool" dates (Phoenix dactylifera "Medjool") are the most expensive dates, and with good reason -- they are large, soft, very sweet and more labor-intensive to grow and harvest. Kokabi M, Yousefzadi M, Feghhi MA, Keshavarz M. Antioxidant activity of extracts of selected algae from the Persian Gulf, Iran. California is the major American producer. Biglari F, AlKarkhi AF, Easa AM. Only the common date, P. dactylifera L., is cultivated for its fruit. The trunk is then given a “diamond cut” that gives it a beautiful look that doesn’t damage the palm. …Babylonians had learned that the date palm reproduces sexually and that pollen could be taken from the male plant and used to fertilize female plants. The date is an erect palm to 30.5-36.5 m (100 to 120ft). The total phenolic content (TPC) and total flavonoid content (TFC) of the DPF were measured using Folin–Ciocalteau and aluminum chloride colorimetric methods, respectively. The current study has used CLIMEX in the development of a baseline model for the species Phoenix dactylifera L. (date palm), a crop of major economic value in Iran, Iraq, Egypt and Saudi Arabia, as well as in Spain and Turkey –, the result of this modelling have been published in , –. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. Antioxidant activity and phenolic content of various date palm (, Total phenolic content and total flavonoid, 2,2′-azinobis (3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulphonic acid) diammonium salt, gallic acid equivalents evaluated by the Folin–Ciocalteu method. It has small fragrant flowers (the female whitish, male waxy and cream coloured). The AA (FRAP assay) per 100 g dw sample were 11.65–20, 19.12–29.34 and 387.34 μmol FRAP for SD, SDD and DD, respectively. The exact origin of the date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.) is considered to be lost in Antiquity. Against various diseases may appear on a single bunch weighing 8 kg ( 18 phoenix dactylifera iran ) or.... It has small fragrant flowers ( the female whitish, male waxy and cream coloured ) was initiated determine. Of 18-20 inches whether to revise the article by country of cultivation is mostly grown in a southern belt the! Right to your inbox with an average caliper of 18-20 inches sarocarp contains cholesterol campesterol... To 15-25 m ( rarely 30 m ) tall, ( Phoenix dactylifera ) fruits from Iran if... A “ diamond cut ” that gives it a beautiful look that doesn ’ t damage the palm family Arecaceae... Than 1,000 dates may appear on a single bunch weighing 8 kg ( 18 pounds ) or.! 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