Other Authors: Norman, J.C., Pal, U.R., and Adedzwa, D.K. 750 New Farmers & 50 Adopted Farmers COMMUNITIES … Yams were first domesticated by African farmers 7,000 years ago. Because of the small sizes of the yam sets, it’s possible to get over 10,000 stands in a plot of land. . Three new technologies targeted to be implemented for seed yam propagation are aeroponics system (AS), temporary immersion bioreactor system (TIBs), and photoautotrophic culture (PC). Access to quality seed of improved varieties is the basis of sustainable crop production systems. Annually, Nigeria can earn N4trn on seed yam NEWS DIGEST–The Chairman of Technical Committee on Nigerian Yam Export Programme, Prof. Simon Irtuwange, has said the country could earn N4.01 trillion on seed yam annually if it adopts Aeroponics system. Yam plantlets are planted in AS boxes and grown in a purely air or mist environment, without soil or any other aggregate medium, to produce mini-tubers. Most farmers propagate yams by “milking”. After pre-sprouting these setts are taken to the field, planted with a spacing of 50cm apart. The low multiplication rate is made worse by the long growth cycle of the crop and the long dormancy period. While launching the session, the Trade Promotion Advisor for NEPC, Dr. Emmanuel Etim, said the programme […] Status and prospects of biotechnology applications to conservation, propagation and genetic improvement of yam View/ Open S13InbkBalogunStatusNothomDev.pdf (149.6Kb) THANK YOU! FARMERS INVOLVED: •Target: 800 Farmers. 1991, Akoroda and Hahn, 1995). Yam seedlings are used by yam farmers during field planting to produce ware (edible) yam. Journal Title: Experimental agriculture. multiplication of seed yam needed for increased and sustained production of the crop. Article Views : 1,141. This situation is compounded by the low multiplication ratio of 1:4 to 1:8 for yams (Alvarez and Hahn 1984), which makes it difficult for ‘clean’ seed tubers to be multiplied rapidly for distribution or sale to farmers and the absence of a formal seed yam system in the entire yam zone of West Africa. Yam is a vital crop in Ghana both at the domestic and export markets. This is a common practice among smallholder farmers of staple food crops like yam, sweetpotato, taro, banana and cassava in PNG. Key Request! Demand would stimulate commercial production! International Journal of Pest Management 56 (4): 337 – 349. Quality product suppliers • Generation of demand for yam seeds! Seed yam multiplication by the mini-sett technique in three yam species in a tropical Guinea Savanna location. SAVE's YIIFSWA 2016 AWPB FOR ON-FARM SEED YAM MULTIPLICATION TRAINING USING MINISETT TECHNIQUE 1. Insect pests and their management in yam production and storage: a world review. David Famiye Yankey 2. YIIFSWA enhances NACGRAB capacity for efficient pre-basic seed yam multiplication using Temporary Immersion Bioreactors. Benefits of mini-sett seed multiplication method. low multiplication rate; often one plant produces only one seed yam. Extension Guide No. Agric, EMBA) TEAM LEADER. Benard Amofa 2. This showed that the yam crops are a very important food and income earner for about 60 million Nigerians (Ezulike … Key-words: white yam, vine cuttings, multiplication rate, seed tuber, commercial production INTRODUCTION The guinea white yams (Dioscorea rotundata Poir) with its numerous varieties (IBPGR, 1997) are consumed by majority of Nigerians as a staple prestigious carbohydrate food. Search form. Seed yam multiplication technique is the practice of dicing cubes of yam and making them to undergo rooting and planting them to produce seed yams or yam seedling. You can download your copy of How to Make Massive Money Multiplying Seed Yam here. This dispatch is part of IITA yam breeding improvement plan to enhance the market penetration of improved yam varieties with enabling seed technologies assisted rapid multiplication and distribution of planting materials to growers. Willingness to adopt the vine multiplication technique in seed yam production in the forest savanna transition agro-ecological zone, Ghana. The growth period is from 5 to 9 months, depending on variety and tuber size; the dormancy period is between 2 and 3 months after senescence. The two seed companies received a total of 3, 300 seedlings to facilitate foundation seed production. OTHER TEAM MEMBERS: 1. Multimedia material Better Harvests, More Income for Farmers Using the Healthy Yam Seed Technique Simple Technique to Tackle Yam Diseases Published: February 2013. However, low multiplication ratio, high cost and high risk of exposure of seed tubers to contamination with pests and pathogens often characterize the traditional systems of seed yam production (Nweke, Ugwu, Asadu, & Ay, 1991). THANK YOU! 2014) of all categories of seed yam, from breeder (Pre-basic) through foundation (basic) to commercial (certified) seed. How To Make Massive Money In Seed Yam Multiplication Technique 15, Extension Services Programme, National Root Crops Research Institute, Umudike, Nigeria. This can only be achieved if there is a viable supply system, incorporating efficient seed multiplication and distribution within an organized formal seed system. Aaron Akyea, 3. A guaranteed market for yam seedlings:- a purchase agreement for Yam seedlings!!!! Multiplication in Temporary Immersion Bioreactor Systems (TIBS)..... 20 The SETISTM Type Temporary Immersion Bioreactor System ... seed yam system where regulatory rules are functional, including genetic purity and physiological quality (Balogun et al. These technologies are being tested under the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation-funded project “Yam Improvement for Income and Food Security in West Africa (YIIFSWA)†. Emmanuel Damah and 4. May 9, 2019 May 9, 2019 The National Focus. IN traditional farming systems, farmers depend on seasonal harvest to supply planting materials for the following season. The results from YIIFSWA-I showed a 95% success rate in AS yam propagation and the multiplication rate was about 30 times faster than traditional seed yam production. Planting materials alone constitute about 50% of production costs (Nweke et al. Korada, R. R., Naskara, S. K. and Edison, S. (2010). Yam is a major staple for over 100 million people in West and Central, and is also tied to some socio-cultural life of the peoples in the humid forests. This was disclosed as the Minister for Agriculture and Rural Development, Chief Audu Ogbe, ended a two-day visit to Ibadan last week. PRESENTER: KWASI ETU-BONDE (B.Sc. Research being conducted by the International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA) in seed yam multiplication holds promise to quadruple yam production in the country. Edible yams are commonly propagated vegetatively. It contributes about 17% of agricultural gross domestic product (GDP) and plays a key role in household food security with more than 2 million tons harvested each year. 20. The combined efforts of the Nigerian Export Promotion Council (NEPC), Nigerian Institute for Tropical Agriculture (IITA) and all Farmers Association of Nigeria have trained 850 farmers on yam seed multiplication in Yakurr Local Government Area of Cross River State. Seed yam multiplication by the mini-sett technique in three yam species in a tropical guinea savanna location. Research being conducted by the International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA) in seed yam multiplication holds promise to quadruple yam production in the country. Search. Biocrops targets to produce up to 200,000 yam seeds/annum. Multiplication ratio for seed yam production in the field is 1:10 compared to 1:300 in cereals. Dr. John Ikeorgu, the Director of yam program (pointing) explains points on seed yam multiplication at Otobi research station Benue State. More than 95% of the global production of yam is in the yam belt of West Africa, with Nigeria alone producing 71% or 37 million tons. These technologies … However, These qualities have generated commercial interest in both local and export markets for yam as an emerging commodity. Rapid seed multiplication for yam via the mini sett technology. THANK YOU! Rapid multiplication of seed yam by minisett technique. THANK YOU! 8 Ezeh (1994) evaluated the economics of seed yam production from minisetts based on input and output data collected from yam (Dioscorea rotundata Poir. From GODWIN ATSER, Ibadan –Research being conducted by the International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA) in seed yam multiplication holds promise and could help Nigeria to quadruple yam production, says Nigeria’s Minister for Agriculture and Rural Development, Chief Audu Ogbe, who ends a two-day visit in Ibadan today. This low multiplication ratio in yam production becomes a major handicap in multiplying enough planting materials to match increasing production trends; thus establishing the need for developing faster methods of producing planting materials in yam production. 19. Obioturugo) minisett multiplication plots at Umudike, southeastern Nigeria during the 1990/91 cropping season, and the existing market prices in the area. cv. Standing extreme left is … Free Online Library: Application of rapid multiplication technique to produce large quantities of seed yams for supply to farmers at affordable rates. Experimental Agriculture 25: 181 – 188. Journal Volume/Issue: Apr 1989. v. 25 (2) Main Author: Kalu, B.A. The facility is designed to help to address the scarcity of yam seeds to farmers as well as the long cropping cycle and low multiplication ratio of yams. Similar opportunities are also being considered for other crops that are embracing the mini-sett seed multiplication technology, like taro and sweet potato. Yam is a vital crop in Ghana both at the domestic and export markets. seed yam, increasing profit and protecting the wellbeing of farmers, consumers and the environment. Yam sets are slanted for burying in mulch soil beds. In this technique, tubers are harvested two-thirds into the growing season without destroying the root system. This propagation entail yam setts being placed on tray boxes which contained sawdust and exposed to sunlight under shade to enable pre sprouting. (FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT DIGEST) by "Journal of Financial Management & Analysis"; Banking, finance and accounting Economics Agricultural innovations Usage Dioscoreaceae Environmental aspects Production management Farmers … THANK YOU! However, researchers from IITA and national partners have developed the aeroponic system of seed yam multiplication, whereby the vines of the crop are used in propagating seed yams rather than tubers. , tubers are harvested two-thirds into the growing season without destroying the system... Korada, R. R., Naskara, S. K. and Edison, S. K. and,. In a tropical guinea savanna location yams were first domesticated by African farmers 7,000 years ago vital crop in both! ’ s possible to get over 10,000 stands in a tropical guinea savanna location depend on harvest! 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