The US Agency for International Development was instrumental in the Donald Trump administration’s violent US coup attempts against Venezuela’s elected government in 2019, working directly with the Department of Defense. Another important part of the RAIN job would include recruiting native coup coordinators to help carry out the regime-change plot. A government which is loyal to the nation which it serves (and remember, the Sandinistas are nationalists) must ensure that the nation is performing profitably and that entails squeezing as much surplus value as possible out of the wealth-producing majority. The Democratic front-runner had a romance with the Marxist Sandinista government of Nicaragua in the 1980s and even honeymooned with wife Jane in … Having removed the British imperialists, Zelaya’s liberal capitalist government was put under pressure to act at the behest of US capitalists. No doubt this quotation is printed by a pro-US Canadian newspaper as part of the ideological war against the Sandinistas but it does probably reflect the resentment which is all too common in the so-called nationally liberated countries such as Cuba, Vietnam or Kampuchea where the beneficiaries of “liberation” are the small class of bureaucrats who control the national state. During the 1980s, de Blasio was a strong supporter of the revolutionary Inclusion on this list is in no way an endorsement by the Department or the U.S. government. necessarily represent those of the Strategic Culture Foundation. Or you can simply remain as treasonists, hitmen, and traitors.”, democratically elected socialist government in Nicaragua, regime-change vehicle that uses the pretense of “humanitarian aid”, US-backed insurgents unleashed a reign of terror, suffocating sanctions on the small Central American nation, Trump administration’s violent US coup attempts, working directly with the Department of Defense, this dirty regime-change work is carried out in the open, US-backed right-wing regimes in Bolivia and Ecuador have used, millions of dollars that USAID and the NED provide to right-wing Nicaraguan organizations, women who make up the bulk of the Sandinista base. The Grayzone contacted USAID to ask confirmation that the document detailing its plans for a political “transition” in Nicaragua was authentic. This is an indirect hint that Washington seeks to destroy the Sandinista Front, the Sandinista Youth, and other grassroots institutions that work with but are independent of the current socialist government. National funding for social programs was cut and redirected toward defense (to take on the Contras). Unlike in Russia and other “socialist economies” the Nicaraguan government does not directly own the means of wealth production and distribution but does monopolise the banks (which control agricultural credit) and all imports and exports, thus effectively appropriating profits from cotton, beef, sugar and coffee which constitute two thirds of the country’s exports. It does not mean, in any sense, that there is any type of restriction to businesses, business procedures and investors. William Morris’ medieval insight and the Middle Ages. Can you respond to that characterization and do you think it is fair or unfair?” The Democracy International secretary replied, “Wow that’s so interesting. In the real world, they are very capitalistic. The opposition’s information … So it was that Pedro Ortiz, head of the Sandinista Workers’ Central could tell Nicaraguan agricultural workers that, “For workers to conduct a strike against the state is to conduct a strike against themselves, because the land is now administered by the workers and campesinos” (Volya, No. The leading political force in what became known as the Sandinista revolution was the Sandinista Front for National Liberation (FSLN) which was formed in 1961 and originally comprised mainly young pro-Moscow leftists. The following May it named a 47-member Council of State, which was to act as an … Angola is one of the few countries in Sub-Saharan Africa considered to be I will definitely let them know that you called.”, USAID’s regime-change plot to “transition” Nicaragua to a “market economy”, USAID’s “Mission Goal 3” would be “Security reform and rebuilding institutions” to “reestablish independent and professional security forces.”, This is clearly a call for purging the police and military of Sandinista loyalists and bring in US trainers to establish a neocolonial-style security force, much like. The fundamental argument in favor of Nicaragua’s Interoceanic Canal is that it will change the structure of Nicaragua’s economy in such a way as to dramatically reduce poverty and so enable a reversal of the current destructive national and regional trends of impoverishment-driven … But under the Trump administration, it has kicked its coup efforts in Latin America into hyper drive. Sandinistas only say that they are socialist. Paramilitaries roam the country, looking for enemies of the state. USAID oversees another far-right coup attempt in Latin America. The Nicaraguan government is very … They are essentially company unions, run by and in the pay of the state bosses. The world is aware of the… The right wing is intervening in the demonstrations to calm social tensions and block the growth of opposition to Ortega’s capitalist government. “Additionally, it will need to implement transitional justice measures,” the USAID document added. They range from the very small People’s Action Movement (MAP) which characterises Nicaragua as well as Cuba, China and Russia as “state capitalist” (several of them are now locked in Nicaraguan prisons) to the 65,000-strong Nicaraguan Workers Confederation (CTN) whose manifesto asserts, “. Since April 2018 when peaceful protests over a reform of the social security system began, the Nicaraguan government has engaged in an increasingly violent repression… In fact, the US terror is having the reverse effect to that intended: it is uniting Nicaraguans behind the Sandinistas in an act of national defence. Join us today! ), The USAID document insisted that “Nicaragua’s immediate future remains highly uncertain.”, Yet it acknowledged that the right-wing opposition is divided and unpopular, admitting that its leadership has not “coalesced around a party or candidate.”, The second potential regime-change scenario is described as a “Sudden, Unanticipated Transition,” in “which one or more political crises, such as a snap or failed election, a presidential resignation, a major health crisis, a major natural disaster, or internal conflicts, lead to sudden regime crisis and transition either to an interim government or a new government.”. At its most severe, such a proposal could amount to an Augusto Pinochet-style purge of the left in Nicaragua. Nicaragua has a lot of programs that are focused on reducing poverty and reducing income inequality and setting up a solid group foundation for the whole population. As with the economy, so in national politics the FSLN monopolises power. In the freewheeling 21st century, however, this dirty regime-change work is carried out in the open, and advertised publicly on LinkedIn. (In the second-poorest country in the Western hemisphere, where the minimum wage is between $200 and $300 per month, half a million dollars is no petty sum. “You have to have a strong liver to bear it. . We said, “Local Nicaraguan media outlets have criticized USAID’s RAIN program, which is described in the Democracy International job posting, and characterized it as what appears to be an attempt at orchestrating a coup in the country. In the early 1900s the British Empire controlled the Atlantic coast region and these imperialists were ousted, with US support, by José Santos Zelaya whose party represented the aspirations of local capitalists with interests in small business and farming. Grigsby, a prominent leftist media personality with a large following at the base of the Sandinista Front, condemned the US plot. 16 April 2018: President Ortega's government announces plans to reform the country's social security system. . In the past two years, the Trump administration has imposed several rounds of suffocating sanctions on the small Central American nation, often with bipartisan support in Congress, not a word of opposition from the Democratic Party, and cheers from the billionaire-funded human rights industry. 3, p. 3). A secretary would not let us speak with a specific member of the international team, simply saying, “We will inform the relevant people that we have received a call and I can give them their name and number and they will call you.”, The secretary asked if The Grayzone had a specific question to respond to. In the past two years, the Trump administration has imposed several rounds of, The US Agency for International Development was instrumental in the Donald, USAID has poured hundreds of millions of dollars. The uprising was a popular rebellion involving workers, peasants and local capitalists – it was in no sense a socialist revolution. Early in Bernie Sanders’ career, he praised violent socialist regimes in Cuba and Nicaragua. Moving beyond Cold War rhetoric and stereotypical views of Third World Marxism, the authors convincingly argue that the democratic tradition and practice that was emerging in socialist Nicaragua could well serve as a model for other Third World states. . President Reagan then asked for donations from Taiwan and Saudi Arabia, who were happy enough to don… In fact, it is only the US offensive which could make that feasible, if only as a last resort for a terrorised Sandinista regime. Nevertheless, contrary to Washington's beliefs, the motivation of the socialist countries' support for Nicaragua … IN ORDER TO understand what may happen over the next few years and what the real significance of the FSLN victory is, it is necessary to look at the role and character of the Sandinistas, which is integrally linked to the history of this poverty-stricken country in Central America. The FSLN has used its state power to run a form of state capitalism in which the workers are organised as a military force, expected to obey orders from above in the interest of the national economy. Then in the second 50 … HAVANA TIMES – Every day, when I watch the news and see the things that are happening in the capitalist world, I am grateful that I live in a country that has gone ahead with a socialist revolution.A country where people who remain united, defending the political system and supporting (mostly) revolutionary politicians. The Nicaraguan Socialist Party (Partido Socialista Nicaragüense) is a political party in Nicaragua.Founded in July 1944 by Dr. Mario Flores Ortiz. They analyze concepts of democracy and the ideology of the FSLN and show that the Sandinista movement is not in any way stock Marxist-Leninism. By Dick Nichols. The US-backed insurgents unleashed a reign of terror, killing and injuring hundreds of Sandinista activists and state security forces; marking the homes of leftist activists, ransacking and burning some down; and torturing and threatening supporters of the elected government. Their government offices are air-conditioned, a most exclusive and important status symbol in tropical Managua“. “You all can do one of two things,” he thundered at the opposition. Ben NORTON. Politically the Somoza regime was discredited and, as time went on, it became economically incapable of winning any support: between 1970 and 1974,35 per cent of all Nicaraguan factories closed down due to falling profits. Plot to Overthrow Nicaragua’s Elected Socialist Gov’t. In the end, Facebook let the users keep the fake name — even while the social media corporation continues its program of censoring Venezuelans and Iranians under US government pressure. In expressing such opposition the FSLN was only being consistent, for it has done its best to ignore or suppress independent unions in Nicaragua. In 1980 when ten million Polish workers resisted their state-capitalist masters and formed Solidarity, the head of the FSLN Propaganda Department, Frederico Lopez, lined up with the most reactionary forces worldwide in condemning such trade unionists as “counter-revolutionary elements which seek to place Poland into the hands of imperialism”. The Socialist International Committee for Latin America and the Caribbean, SICLAC, meeting in Santiago, Chile, on 30-31 May 1997, noted that coercive economic measures have been taken against various mass media in Nicaragua and in particular, against the newspaper Barricada. This is similar to the instruction given by Trotsky to the Russian trade unionists after 1917. At its most severe, such a proposal could amount to an Augusto Pinochet-style purge of the left in Nicaragua. But USAID didn’t want readers to get the wrong impression. Bernie Sanders’ praise of Cuba and Fidel Castro on Sunday is just the tip of the iceberg.. Nicaragua's relations with the socialist countries have produced various forms of cooperation, and a number of agreements have been signed. In Nicaragua, the Ortega leadership and its family and personal associates, as we demonstrated in my previous article, “Nicaragua: Dynamics of an Interrupted Revolution,” in the August issue of Socialist Action, are steeped in ownership and control of a broad range of leading capitalist enterprises and have been so since 1990, if not before. The third is a “Delayed Transition scenario,” in which the Sandinista government remains in power. A disturbing new document outlines plans for a US regime-change scheme against Nicaragua’s elected leftist government, overseen by USAID, to bring about a “market economy” and a purge of Sandinistas. Nicaragua’s Canal: A Socialist Project for Economic Change Tortilla Con Sal | July 29, 2015. To put the problem of "socialist revolution" in Nicaragua in proper perspective, let's compare Nicaragua and the USSR in 1921, another country with a working-class that was a small percentage of the population. A secretary would not let us speak with a specific member of the international team, simply saying, “We will inform the relevant people that we have received a call and I can give them their name and number and they will call you.”. That is unacceptable!”, “What if Nicaragua did that in the United States, if for example Daniel Ortega said, ‘Hey, we’re going to help the protesters in Portland’?” he added. However, the government is yet to implement these provisions of the … The government also permits domestic and international human rights monitors to operate freely in Nicaragua. It was a corrupt, vicious and dynastic regime: Anastasio Somoza Debayle (the second Somoza leader) personally stole much of the money sent to Nicaragua in 1972 after the tragic earthquake and used extreme force in suppressing any opposition. Grigsby concluded by condemning “yankee imperialism” and slamming Nicaraguan opposition figures who are participating in this regime-change scheme. In 1926 the national capitalists, led by Cesar Augusto Sandino, attempted to oust the US imperialists as they had done with the British but national capitalist liberation (which is of no interest to the workers) was not achieved and instead the US established the regime of Anastasio Somoza Garcia, a man qualified by virtue of having been a second-hand car salesman in Philadelphia. Document Exposes New U.S. The plot is administered by the United States Agency for International Development (USAID), a regime-change vehicle that uses the pretense of “humanitarian aid” to advance Washington’s aggressive foreign-policy interests. When the 2018 putsch attempt failed, the US government resorted to a raft of aggressive tactics to bring down Nicaragua’s leadership. In this case, USAID says that RAIN would help it destabilize the government in other ways and lead to future regime change. Needless to say, the Socialist Party is hostile in every way to the contra terrorists and their backers. In 2018, the Donald Trump administration supported a violent coup attempt in Nicaragua, in which far-right gangs took over neighborhoods and paralyzed the country with bloody barricades known as tranques. All rights reserved. The views of individual contributors do not The first is an “Orderly Transition scenario,” a far-fetched situation in which an unpopular US-backed opposition group somehow manages to win the election. The FSLN, led by Ortega who has ruled the country since … We have seen these situations in other times, in other places, such as the Duvaliers’ Haiti and the Castros’ Cuba. Without a US war against it there is a much greater likelihood that Nicaraguan workers would be resisting the state. Grigsby, a prominent leftist media personality with a large following at the base of the Sandinista Front, condemned the US plot. The government of Nicaragua is a socialist government in the sense that it is very concerned on achieving social equality in the country and sustainable economic and social development. In practice, they are not. “But they reserve to themselves the right to act against the democratic institutionality of a country.”. At the time of its foundation, PSN supported the regime of Anastasio Somoza García.PSN considered that Somoza (nominally a liberal) was an anti-fascist ally. The Nicaraguan Socialist Party (Partido Socialista Nicaragüense) is a political party in Nicaragua.Founded in July 1944 by Dr. Mario Flores Ortiz. Nicaragua: With the people against the Ortega government and imperialism Search: Alternative search. USAID’s “Mission Goal 3” would be “Security reform and rebuilding institutions” to “reestablish independent and professional security forces.” This is clearly a call for purging the police and military of Sandinista loyalists and bring in US trainers to establish a neocolonial-style security force, much like General Keith Dayton did in the occupied West Bank after Palestinian resistance was extinguished following the Second Intifada. Commandantes live in the wealthier districts of Managua, occupying mansions previously owned by the leading Somocistas. Technically, power is vested in the Council of State. The “new government must act quickly to dismantle parallel institutions,” USAID adds. 1. In fact, the coming into being of the present Sandinista regime in Nicaragua was the product of a process of class struggle between various ruling factions which has gone on since the beginning of this century. Socially and economically, the scene has been … Finland. Given these circumstances and given the imperative need for capital accumulation which is essential to an underdeveloped capitalist economy, the state as capitalist has no option but to act as a ruthless and exploitative boss. At one point upon discovery of this scheme, the US Congress stopped the funding. Of course, Leninist mythology has it that the state is being run by the bureaucrats on behalf of the working class: it is a dictatorship on behalf of the proletariat. Of course, it is true that Nicaragua is the current victim of a campaign of destabilisation and outright terrorism by American imperialism but that in itself does not make the Nicaraguan government a regime to be supported. About 500,000 people were homeless, more than 30,000 had been killed, and the economy was in ruins. The USAID regime-change scheme states openly that one of its top “mission goals” is for Nicaragua to “transition to a rules-based market economy” based on the “protection of private property rights.”. (“A Critical Look at the Sandinistas”, Changes, May 1982, p. 14). The government is very capitalistic and open for any investment. Epstein and Evans, writing in the radical US paper, In These Times, contend that the Council is “little more than a sounding board for the policies of the nine-man FSLN directorate” (11 January, 1983). Nicaragua has a Sandinista government and Sandinistas claim that they are socialist, but Nicaragua is open for business nonetheless. The Grayzone called the Democracy International office with a request for comment on the LinkedIn job listing, the RAIN program, and the USAID document. USAID declared its intention to assist in what could be an “orderly transition” or a “sudden transition without elections,” which is clear code for a coup. The Democracy International secretary replied, “Wow that’s so interesting. PSN operated as the official communist party in the country. A newly released document exposes a US government operation to overthrow the democratically elected socialist government in Nicaragua. Before they did it with the military; in this case they are doing it by subverting public order and funding political opposition activities. The initiative allotted $540,000 in grants to entice Nicaraguan opposition groups into assisting the regime-change effort. The constitution prohibits discrimination based on birth, nationality, political belief, race, gender, language, religion, opinion, national origin, economic or social condition. ALBANISA, a joint Venezuelan-Nicaraguan oil company linked to Ortega, recently signed a 15-year energy contract expected to net the company upwards of $500 million, depending on price fluctuations. November 16, 2018 — Links International Journal of Socialist Renewal — This document investigates the causes of the student protests that broke out on April 18 against the Nicaraguan government’s decree changing the regulations governing the country’s Institute for Social Security (INSS). Clearly, Democracy International is searching for a local point person to help carry out Washington’s regime-change efforts on the ground. In July 1979 the Sandinistas appointed a five-member Government Junta of National Reconstruction. 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