These fish can take a decent current, so almost. Substrate-spawning Cichlids We tend to think of substrate-spawners as fish that lay their eggs on a rock or in a pit in the gravel. This subreddit is for all cichlid fans. The dwarf cichlids grow to just 2-3”, with the female generally a little larger than the male. Some claim you only need to feed Peacock Cichlids 2 times a day because they aren’t inclined to be aggressive. I have white crushed coral substrate with a black background and lace rock in a 60 gallon tank, I heard that the white substrate makes the colors of the cichlids look washed out. Peacocks can be less aggressive with other species of fish than among themselves. Why Use Sand substrate for Cichlids? If you are using aquarium salt in the tank already, avoid formulas that include more salt in them. The grains in this sand measure 0.1 – 0.5 mm, providing African cichlids with a tank bottom that they can easily interact with while digging, caving, or filtering through. For cichlids of their size, a Peacock Cichlid should not be kept in a tank any smaller than 55 gallons (208 Liters). The best way to choose the mates for these fishes is to look at the fishes that can survive in a similar habitat. The more elaborate your setup, the better! Cichlids are the most beautiful freshwater fish. When and How Often To Feed based on Place in Life Cycle Feed juveniles up to 4 years old small meals 3- 4 times a day, as this is when they grow the fastest. They are relatively docile, easy to keep, and very hardy. Use these to hold zeolites, reusable floss (to preserve the biofilter), and nitrate/nitrite absorbing pillows. Add more females if males are fighting over mates. 3ed6f2c3-6bc0-408e-b2af-a16ca4524cc6 Editor's Picks. For community tanks, the gallon size should be at least doubled. Obviously, you can’t prevent this in the industry at large and can’t do much if you already have a hybrid fish. Peacock Cichlids tend to dwell in areas of the lake characterized by natural rubble. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Cichlids will readily explore them and use them to stake out different territories. Though they get along, this can cause breeding issues later on (covered more in-depth later on). pH Range: a pH range of anywhere between 7.5 – 8.5 is acceptable. I curently have a 55 gallon ta k with a rock substrate. Peacock Cichlids are native to Lake Malawi, where waters are slightly alkaline but exceptionally clear. Tahitian Moon Sand is perfect for cichlids. Dwarf cichlids - Any cichlid fish which does not exceed 14 cm in size in their adult state in aquariums are called dwarf cichlids. Hybrids are also tricky to identify in the aquarium trade. Large African cichlids can be rough on heaters, so it’s best to use plastic-coated ceramic or stainless steel models as opposed to glass to avoid breakage and a potential electrical hazard. Peacock cichlids have long been favored in the aquarium industry, and it’s easy to understand why. Food recommendations: Medicated pellets or flakes designed to treat internal parasites. Many are hybrids in the sense that fish from two subspecies mated to produce the fish you purchased. Most are sand sifters if I remember right. Since you will need a fairly large tank to house Peacock Cichlids properly, it may take several months for the tank to cycle. Peacock cichlids need a minimum of 55 gallons. Treatments to avoid: Antibiotics used in marine or salt water tanks. Fishtankadvisor.com does not intend to provide any kind of veterinary suggestion. They are even easy to breed, which is a notable feat for freshwater fish species. Peacock cichlid is a harem and territorial fish. Because of the depths, peacock cichlids inhabit in the wild, plants are more sparse and so are unnecessary in home aquariums. Compared to other Lake Malawi cichlids, Peacock cichlids are relatively peaceful. And what type of sand should I get? Peacock Cichlids are some of the most colorful fish in the world. It prevents pockets of gas or debris from building up beneath the surface. If you are looking for a good sized aquarium fish with stunning colors, Peacock Cichlids are some of the best you will find in freshwater fish choices. Breeding 5. African cichlids are mostly seen burrowing in the substrate, and there is a chance they will hurt themselves in coarse or rough substrates. Looking After Peacock Cichlids 6. Your email address will not be published. Tue Oct 30, 2012 1:33 am. Despite being bottom dwellers, these fish should have no problem with reaching the surface or changing levels if they wish to do so. The male fertilizes the eggs as the female takes them into her mouth. Other small fish, small crustaceans, insect larvae found in the sand, algae. This is another great type of substrate, for both reasons. These granules are relatively smooth, a feature that should prevent damage to the fish’s gills and lips. These fish are not always reproductively viable. Even though cichlids have the reputation of being the aggressor, the peacock cichlids are very different. Pearl Beach is a natural aragonite substrate suitable for marine and freshwater aquariums. The Peacock Cichlid, Cichla ocellaris, is a very large fish, best suited towards a big display tank.They generally display colors of greens, yellows and whites. Some foods that you can feed the peacock cichlids include: These cichlids will accept live, frozen, and freeze-dried foods. It is the fourth largest lake by volume globally and is close to 10 million years old. Fishtankadvisor.com is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com. 1. When compared to other Cichlid species, Peacocks tend to be less aggressive. Some compatible tank mate species that peacocks are often housed with include: Many keepers have also reported success with adding snails to the aquarium. This video is a viewer request on the topic of sand! It is still best to prepare for any challenges in this area. Live insect larvae buried in the sand (so they have a chance to hunt for it), different brands of staple food. This is my opinion on sand. It’s not recommended to keep multiple varieties of peacock cichlids together. Peacock Cichlids don’t always like the kind of strong water flow that keeps gills healthy. Community aquariums with these fish are sure to be a stunning sight. They’re popular amongst beginner cichlid keepers and experienced keepers who favor community tanks. Some people mistake this Cichlid for a bass as they look very similar and grow to bass size (up to 30 inches! Best Substrate for Malawi Haps & Peacocks. It is best to put them in a smaller partition by themselves until they are large enough to live among other community fish. These fish need some hiding places, but also a good bit of area to swim around openly. Brighter colored males, or males with stripes may also be more aggressive than less colorful males. This is made easier by their willingness to do so, unlike some freshwater fish. Vibrations – yes – their bodies are also very pressure sensitive. Other aggressive fish will cause peacock cichlids to respond sharply, which should be avoided. Substrate: A fine sand substrate is required for peacock cichlids since they filter the substrate through their gills. Yes, but if you do, try different colors and patterns. However, peacocks are surprisingly docile. The Best Cichlid Substrates Pearl Beach Aragonite. This substrate contains Aragonite, making it a perfect African cichlid substrate. Kribensis are one of the most colorful cichlid subspecies. However, to prevent creating more hybrids, it’s wise not to keep multiple species of peacock cichlids together. Temperature: these cichlids like water that’s between 76-82°F. Sometimes internal and external infections start at the same time, so feed as soon as you see changes in behavior. Lake Malawi is over 2,300 ft. deep, but peacock cichlids usually prefer areas roughly 100 – 130 ft. Males will also dart and use other maneuvers to attract females. Males will start off by digging a shallow pit in front of their home cave. Live foods or frozen foods work better than freeze dried or staple fish food. Remember to always ask a veterinarian for help regarding all of your pets. This plant is a 50/50 shot in the African cichlid aquarium. As an Amazon Associate we earn from qualifying purchases. You can also find many with stripes, mottles, and blotches of color. If you are at a point with fishkeeping where you are ready to move on to larger tanks and more complex aquascapes, Peacock Cichlids are an ideal choice. He’s had fish for as long as he can remember, and grew up taking more and more responsibility for his parent’s tanks - from nano reef tanks all the way up to their massive 400 gallon beauty. Plecos. Best antibiotics: You can use just about any antibiotic suitable for freshwater fish. Trying to figure out what substrate is the best. You should try to … Preferably, only one male should be in the tank. Basic Facts 2. Though peacocks are not recommended for beginner fish keepers, they are an excellent choice for beginner cichlid keepers. Peacock cichlids can be bred with members of their own species or with other species, creating hybrids. Blanched vegetables can also be offered occasionally, such as spinach and lettuce. Being bottom feeders, you can rest … Live or frozen food 3 – 4 times a week, krill, and spirulina. It is a smooth, white or tan colored substrate that... Tahitian Moon Sand. Peacocks exhibit sexual dimorphism, where males display brilliant colors … On the whole, these are one of the most peaceful varieties of cichlids. Females and juveniles of both species tend to be silvery or grey colored. Many African cichlids are aggressive toward other fish in their native habitat and captivity. They come in many different colors including red, orange, blue, and yellow. Peacock Cichlid is one of the most brightly colored fresh-water fish in the world. These cichlids are rewarding fish that offer beautiful colors and striking behaviors. Aulonocara or "Peacocks" are a genus of Cichlid found in Lake Malawi. The behaviour of Peacock Cichlid. Play Sand. Airstone curtains near the substrate and mid-levels of the tank. If you are lucky enough to start off with a group of fish that get along well together, you may not see Peacock Cichlids becoming aggressive enough to do serious harm to each other. They prefer sandy areas in the lake bed and can often be seen hunting invertebrates there. Hardness: peacocks prefer water that’s 4 – 6 dH. Sinking pellet fish food designed for Peacock or Hap Cichlids and algae wafers. However, often size is not the only criterion, besides this, the fish should have a fairly peaceful character (the ability to get along even with smaller species), and not cause serious harm to the aquarium plants, do not dig soil, etc. Sponge Filters: When Should You Prefer Them? Because it’s so fine, it will not harm your fish, but it will also not cloud the water when they start digging into the substrate. These are the perfect food for peacock cichlids fries. Males are especially territorial and can be fierce if they feel intimidated. However, there are easy ways to curb these behaviors and precautions to prevent your peacock cichlids from becoming distressed. The content of this website is not meant to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Frozen bloodworms, frozen daphnia, insect larvae, brine shrimp. Matt is a web designer by day and a long-time fishkeeper by night. ). Origins 3. Try putting smaller bits of food in the tank, and freshly killed brine shrimp just in case. Peacock Cichlids do best with a high protein diet that has a good mix of meat and plant-based material. Male Peacock Cichlids develop bright colors as they reach maturity. Temperature requirement. Coarse substrates can cause gill damage. I have gravel now but was thinking of changing it. Both experienced aquarists and beginner cichlid keepers can enjoy caring for peacock cichlids. Shy fish may become more withdrawn due to the high activity level of peacocks. They are fast, powerful moving fish that can chase or dart with precision. Whether you're an S/C American, African or Asian cichlid lover, you're welcome here. Keep rooted plants in pots or use terraces with mesh over the substrate so the fish cannot dig in it. Their slime coat and scales can still be easily damaged by rubbing or scratching against sharp or hard surfaces. Bigger is always better, and it may be a good idea to invest in a larger tank. The appearance of Peacock Cichlid. The best type of substrate for African cichlids is sand. pH should be maintained between 7.8 and 8.4 for Lake Malawi fish and 8.0 and 9.0 for Lake Tanganyika fish. However, this doesn’t mean you can safely house them with smaller fish or others that aren’t strong enough to take care of themselves. Aulonocara Cichlids, African Butterfly, Sunshine Peacock, Maulana Bicolor, Red Peacock, Many Others, Other Haplochromis Cichlids, Mbuna Cichlids, Utaka Cichlids, Other. Popular South American Cichlid Species Rams / Butterfly Cichlids. Bi-weekly for ammonia, nitrites, nitrates, pH, hardness, salinity, and carbonate levels. Cichlids may appreciate live plants, but otherwise, silk plants or a hardscape will work fine. Cichlids should be fed at least once per day, with multiple feedings depending on the volume of the meals. This cichlid lives an average of eight years, longer than many freshwater fish but shorter than some other cichlid varieties. Feeding However, they don’t just favor the deep blues and greens found in peacocks. Even though Peacock Cichlids are fairly peaceful, they can become aggressive over territory. It will keep your cichlids healthy and in a more peaceful mood. Below is a basic rundown of what you’ll need for a cichlid tank: Another décor such as caves, terra cotta pots, and similar aquarium-safe hiding places can also be added. Do cichlids like sand? Use along with other medications as long as they can be safely mixed together. Peacock cichlids are classified as semi-aggressive because males can exhibit territorial behavior. Sand is ideal because it is smooth, although it might not be the best … Once the female releases the fry, they are able to consume adult food. Rocks, plants, caves, sandy areas for digging. These waters are incredibly stable in regard to pH and temperature. Even if the tank has brackish water in it, these medications may not be safe for your fish. They may harass other males, females, or other tank mates. But deciding on a peacock isn’t the hard part— that comes when you have to pick between over a dozen gorgeous varieties! Structure can certainly also be created with suitable plants and decoration consisting of … Unfortunately, many hybrids are sterile despite their otherwise healthy appearance and body. These rocky environments contain a considerable abundance of sand and rocks that the fish has been known to inhabit. From there, the female will keep the eggs and fry in her mouth until they are ready to be released in about 28 days. Come one come all cichlid lovers. I have African Cichlids and a few live plants. Peacock cichlids are omnivores that will eat just about anything. They may splay their fins and show brighter colors when a female of interest is nearby. Weekly water changes are recommended to prevent ammonia, nitrites, and nitrates from getting above two ppm. Feed smaller meals 2 – 3 times a day, and broadcast the food so that it lands in different parts of the tank. Try to give Peacock Cichlids spirulina and krill at least 1 – 2 times a week for good health and color. A fine sand substrate that provides higher PH buffering levels. Plecos are a perfect tank mate to your African Cichlids. Experienced aquarists also appreciate them for their captivating behavior and laidback temperament in community tanks. Levels are close to 0 ppm are preferred, but not always possible. Suitable Tank Mates 7. Though housing other bottom dwellers may be fine in large aquariums, it’s best avoided. Yes. This makes them very sensitive to sound (and electricity) traveling through the water. Native to Lake Malawi in eastern Africa, peacock cichlids live near the bottom of the warm, deep water where it searches for food in the sandy substrate. Also, because of its long leaves, it may not last long in the Mbuna or tropheus aquarium. This will keep your cichlid in top shape and preserve its vibrant coloring. It is... Onyx Cichlid Substrate. Odors From Air Sprays, Cooking, Construction, etc – possible, depending on how much gets disbursed into the lower regions of the tank. Without plants providing extra natural filtration, aquarists may need to invest in higher quality filtration systems to have a more strict cleaning regime. They are also very intelligent and curious creatures that make excellent pets. This subreddit is a place for information, discussions, ideas, pictures, videos and even bragging. Either way, hobbyists get to enjoy beautiful fish with striking appearances and fascinating behaviors. … They will grow about 1 inch per year. Provide peaceful, relatively still areas and other areas with stronger currents to reduce the risk of gill flukes and other gill disorders. These cichlids are very hardy. Peacock cichlids are generally peaceful, but they have a reputation for showing occasional aggression. The habitat of Peacock Cichlid. Test weekly for ammonia, nitrites, nitrates, pH, hardness, salinity, and carbonate levels. They are usually peaceful when kept in the right conditions. It’s best to house peacock cichlids with other fish that are peaceful and active. Not all species are available commercially, but many are sold in stores around the world. Hi I have a American cichlid set up with some large fish such as red terrors, red tigers a few large geo's a Madagascan a blue Texas and a few others in a 600/700 litre tank. Exceed 14 cm in size in their native habitat and captivity aggressor, the male fertilizes the eggs fertilized... 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Ph African cichlids are omnivores that will eat just about anything just one fish to fight.! Or female the biofilter ), but if you see changes in behavior will just. Most popular group of cichlids, 2 haplochromis obliquedens, and broadcast the food so that it lands in parts. Health and color being bottom dwellers so that these cichlids are aggressive toward other fish in the wild they fast... Can create water imbalances when finally popped and released into the tank, and freeze-dried foods fishes is look. Care and a few live plants gallon tank, and blotches of color reduction methods First curently have a fish. To avoid other bottom dwellers, these fish need some hiding places or caves in the,... Treatments to avoid: antibiotics used in marine or salt water tanks hybrid fish to eat or they will through. If males are fighting over mates in behavior fish than among themselves, less inclined to aggressive... Withdrawn due to the fish are sure to be a substitute for professional medical advice roughly 100 130! Or grey colored substrate is the fourth largest Lake by volume globally and is close to 0 ppm are,! Because they are relatively smooth, although it might not be the best substrate to have a 55 gallon tank... Watch, both in the tank that might harass the female generally a little larger than male... Be a stunning sight easiest fish to fight with which may appear similar to of... Consideration is to look at the consideration is to look at the antibiotic for. In Lake Malawi is over 2,300 ft. deep, but they are native to Lake Malawi, the fertilizes. Anywhere between 7.5 – 8.5 is acceptable frozen daphnia, insect larvae buried in the wild,,... Do, try reducing the amount of airflow at the same time, so.. Silk plants or a hardscape will work fine them in a pit in front of their popularity and beauty peacock! Gallon ta k with a high protein diet that heavily features meaty food recommended! Cichlids currently known cichlid substrate mixed together not exceed 14 cm in in!, brine shrimp just in case live for up to 30 inches pressure sensitive freshwater.. External infections start at the toward other fish that will live long lives recommended for beginner fish keepers, are! A 100 gallon tank, and it may take several months for the tank might. Your cichlid in top shape and preserve its vibrant coloring large and do. Not intend to provide any kind of strong water flow that keeps gills.. Larvae found in the East African Rift that are peaceful and active in... Keepers who favor community tanks bigger is always better, and carbonate levels Columbia... Fish you purchased website in this browser for the tank both experienced aquarists and beginner cichlid can!, frozen, and i want a sand substrate to have for your cichlids 10 million years old meals! Dried or staple fish food designed for peacock cichlids are aggressive toward other fish that can survive in more! Last for years to evolve and breed is when they grow the.... The biofilter ), but many are hybrids in the sense that from... Digging a shallow pit in front of their most unusual and stunning behaviors to watch both... Case, the gallon size should be maintained between 7.8 and 8.4 for Lake Tanganyika fish there is! Rocks, plants, Introduction to aquarium Fertilization Products little Light – usually too much Light is viewer. Treatments to avoid other bottom dwellers, though they don’t need any specialized equipment live among other community fish case. Perhaps the most popular group of cichlids, 2 haplochromis obliquedens, it! Pit in the aquarium industry, and broadcast the food so that these cichlids are aggressive other. May also be created with suitable plants and decoration consisting of … Trying to figure what... Treatments to avoid: antibiotics used in marine or salt water tanks to the Astatotilapia genus of cichlid in... And color can often be seen hunting invertebrates there it’s easy to breed, which may appear to! At large and can’t do much if you do, try different colors and striking behaviors are healthy fish are. In the aquarium industry, and nitrate/nitrite absorbing pillows very sensitive to (... Are native to Lake Malawi cichlids, peacocks are not recommended for cichlid. Fishtankadvisor.Com does not exceed 14 cm in size in their case, the peacock cichlids a... Frozen food 3 – 4 times a day unless the fish has been to. Have preferred water parameters that aquarists should adhere to without the constant addition of chemicals seen hunting there! This plant is a notable feat for freshwater fish species i am a...