Leaves are three-lobed and approximately 1 inch long. Castetter and Opler (1936:48), however, specifically note that littleleaf sumac was utilized in the same manner as skunkbush. It is sometimes planted for erosion control and landscaping, and is a plant used for reclaiming barren land stripped by mining. quinata skunkbush sumac Rhus trilobata var. Overview: Categories: Deciduous, Fall Color, Short or Dense Barrier, Wildlife Value, Windbreak. General: Skunkbush Sumac (Rhus trilobata) is a fairly tall, upright shrub with 3-lobed leaves, yellow flowers, and clusters of red to red-orange berries.. Skunkbush Sumac is a fairly common component of vegetation communities on well-drained sandy, gravelly, and rocky soils. Rhus trilobata Nutt. Anacardiaceae (Sumac family) Description Skunkbush sumac is a perennial, warm-season native that has … Several subspecies of R. aromatica are recognized in Texas. Across the Southwest the most frequently mentioned Rhus in Southwestern ethnography is skunkbush, Rhus trilobata. Stevenson, Matilda Coxe 1915 Ethnobotany of the Zuni Indians. M.Sc. A low-growing shrub, it can reach 10 feet tall. Image courtesy of Howard F. Schwartz, Colorado State University, Bugwood.org. This thicket-forming, straggly to upright shrub with arching branches has trifoliate leaves resembling a … Distribution refers to the ecological region in Texas that a plant has been found. It can be used on the inside or outside rows of Some states have shipping restrictions, if you are shipping to Montana or Oregon please contact us before ordering! According to Marvin Johnson Jr, a Mono native from Cold Springs Rancheria (a federally recognized tribe from Tollhouse, California), the fruit will last all year long if you have flats full and dry them out. It is a common, thicket-forming, straggly or irregularly branched to upright shrub, to 8 feet tall. The clusters of berry-like fruit are covered with a soft, dense hair and turn a deep red in late summer, and the shrub has a good fall color. Skunkbush Sumac Rhus trilobata Nutt. The Rhus trilobata leaves have a very strong scent when crushed. It sprouts readily Skunkbush (Rhus aromatic ssp. Rhus trilobata is a shrub in the sumac genus Rhus with the common names sourberry , skunkbush , and threeleaf sumac . Female plants produce yellow flowers in the spring followed by red berries. The Zuni people, Navajo, Mono tribe of California and tribes in the area use the stems with the bark removed to make baskets. show all. Information includes common names, scientific name, symbol, description, adaptions, uses, and management. Grows well in all soil types from sandy to clay and everything in between. Rhus trilobata. Ecology of skunkbrush sumac (Rhus trilobata Nutt.) Book: Brush and Weeds of Texas Rangelands (B-6208), Web Site Maintenance: Megan.Clayton@ag.tamu.edu, Equal Opportunity for Educational Programs Statement. Heit (14) achieved maximum germination by scarifying seeds for 90 minutes in Fort Worth, TX: BRIT Press. 2 or skunkbush sumac: a sumac (Rhus trilobata) of western North America with unpleasantly scented leaves comprised of usually three leaflets and a red edible sour berrylike fruit — called also skunkbrush It is native to the contiguous United States, Canada, United States, North America, eastern north america, and western north america. The shape of the leaflets and the habit of the shrub make this species, like some other Rhus, resemble small-leafed oaks (Quercus). Noted for its 3 seasons of interest, Rhus trilobata (Skunkbush Sumac) is an upright arching deciduous shrub forming rounded, moundlike, or upright thickets. Although littleleaf sumac is mentioned in ethnobotanical references, evergreen sumac is not. A Colorado native shrub to 6ft.x6ft, can be kept lower. ... Texas(2 reports) Salt Lake City, Utah. Skunkbush sumac is a good wildlife species, providing food for birds throughout the winter. With smaller flowers and leaves than Rhus aromatica, this more upright species is also great for massing in larger spaces. In: Fire Effects Information System, [Online]. A low-growing shrub, it can reach 10 feet tall. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fire Sciences Laboratory (Producer). Unscarified seeds do not germinate (6, 26) and seeds stratified for 3 months without seed coat removal also remain dormant (7). The flowers, borne on small catkins ("short shoots"), are white or light yellow. [2] The fruit can also be eaten directly, although a bit of salt may improve the flavor. Fruits are red, felt-like, 6 mm in diameter. Skunkbush Sumac (Rhus trilobata) $ 40.00. Skunkbush Sumacs are found in canyons, chaparral areas, and oak-juniper woodlands near Tucson. Use and nutritional composition of some traditional Mountain Pima plant foods. Leaf Shape trilobata – skunkbush sumac Subordinate Taxa. The berries, although sour, are edible. : 01 - Pineywoods, 02 - Gulf Prairies and Marshes, 03 - Post Oak Savannah, 04 - Blackland Prairies, 05 - Cross Timbers and Prairies, 07 - Edwards Plateau, 08 - Rolling Plains, 09 - High Plains, 10 - Trans-Pecos. They ripen from July to August. Skunkbush Sumac (Rhus trilobata) has been added to my Wildflowers of Tucson, Arizona website. Germination of skunkbush sumac is reported to be inhibited by em bryo dormancy and the presence of a hard, impervious seed coat (14, 5). This plant has no children Legal Status. It is generally confined to the eastern and west-central parts of Texas. Aromatic sumac is widespread and adaptable in hills and woods, occurring in East Texas, east and south to Florida, north to Vermont, Missouri and Minnesota. You can also view a clickable map. In spring, before the foliage emerges, male plants feature inconspicuous catkins while female plants boast clustered spikes of creamy yellow flowers. in Montana with special reference to use by mule deer. Rhus trilobata is a shrub in the sumac genus (Rhus) with the common names skunkbush sumac,[1] sourberry, skunkbush, Squawbush,[2] and three-leaf sumac. The family name Anacardiaceae is in reference to Anacardium, the cashew, and its vaguely heart-shaped fruits (cardium =heart). Outstanding fall color with shades of yellow, orange and red. Sumac (pronounced (/ ˈ sj uː m æ k /) or (/ ˈ s uː m æ k /), and also spelled sumach, sumak, soumak, and sumaq) is any one of about 35 species of flowering plants in the genus Rhus and related genera, in the family Anacardiaceae.It grows in subtropical and temperate regions throughout the world, especially in East Asia, Africa, and North America. (10) Ceniza-Blackbrush-Creosotebush Brush Commonly Associated Plants: Guajillo, lotebush, mesquite, guayacan, Texas pricklypear, paloverde, goatbush, yucca, sotol, desert yaupon, catclaw, kidneywood, allthorn, curly mesquite, Texas grama, hairy tridens, slim tridens, pink pappusgrass, two-leaved senna. Print this article Upload an image. Journal of Ethnobiology 11(1):93-114. Related Links. Skunkbush Sumac quantity. The flexible branches were useful and sought after for twisting into basketry and rugs. The flowers are yellow; the fruits are red. racemulosa skunkbush sumac Rhus trilobata var. Skunkbush sumac provides fair grazing for wildlife and livestock. Extremely drought tolerant. It has trifoliolate leaves, sparsely pilose, 2 to 3 cm long. Bozeman, MT: Montana State University. pilosissima [58] =Rhus tri… Low spreading, much-branched deciduous shrub. Fragrant sumac occurs throughout the Trans-Pecos north into the Texas panhandle, New Mexico, Arizona, California and Mexico on gravelly slopes and plains and limestone outcrops. AUTHORSHIP AND CITATION: Anderson, Michelle D. 2004. Skunkbush sumac blossoms from May to June. The shrub also reproduces vegetatively, sending up sprouts several meters away and forming thickets. Sun to part shade. Age distributions and some age relationships of key browse plants on big game ranges in Montana. Skunkbrush, polecat bush, stinking sumac, ill-scented sumac, quailbush, squawbush, squawberry, basketbush, lemonade sumac, three-lobed sumac, three-leaved sumac, lemita Uses Ethnobotanic: Skunkbush fruits were used by Native Americans in foods, beverages, and medicines. Aromatic leaves; colorful fall foliage. The flowers are greenish. / Sumac (skunkbush) Sumac (skunkbush) November 18, 2015 by Double El - Agate Conservation Districts. Native to much of western North America, it produces female or male plants. The berries are an important food source in winter for many birds and some small mammals. The leaves have also been smoked. View our Shipping Restrictions. : Pinnately Compound, Distribution Several subspecies of R. aromatica are recognized in Texas. Skunkbush sumac is native to Nebraska. Bright green new growth with bright red berries in the summer. Laferrière, Joseph E., Charles W. Weber and Edwin A. Kohlhepp. Interpreting Wetland Status. 1972. It can be found from deserts to mountain peaks up to about 7,000 feet in elevation. Skunkbush sumac is a perennial, warm-season native that has many branches. var. ... TX-Texas Native Shrubs (RHTR) UK-Plants For A Future (RHTR) USDI NPS Badlands National Park (RHTR) VA … More info for the terms: fire use, forest, prescribed burn, prescribed fire, woodland A study in the Chihuahuan Desert region found postfire sprouts of 3 to 4 inches (7.6-10 cm) within 2 months postfire, up to 2 feet (0.6 m) in 1 year and up to 3 feet Wetland Status. Discover California Shrubs. It is native to the western half of Canada and the United States and extends south into northern Mexico. Rhus trilobata is a shrub in the sumac genus with the common names skunkbush sumac, sourberry, skunkbush, Squawbush, and three-leaf sumac.It is native to the western half of Canada and the Western United States, from the Great Plains to California and south through Arizona extending into northern Mexico.It can be found from deserts to mountain peaks up to about 7,000 feet (2,100 m) in … The twigs are fuzzy when new, and turn sleek with age. [2], The skunkbush sumac has historically been used for medicinal and other purposes. SI-BAE Annual Report #30 (p. 81), https://collections.lib.utah.edu/ark:/87278/s6xd3x5k, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Rhus_trilobata&oldid=979194978, Natural history of the California Coast Ranges, Natural history of the Santa Monica Mountains, Natural history of the Central Valley (California), Plants used in traditional Native American medicine, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2019, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 19 September 2020, at 10:29. Thesis. This Rhus species closely resembles other members of the genus that have leaves with three "leaflets" ("trifoliate" leaves). They are deciduous, turning from dark green in the spring and summer to rusty red in the autumn. Drought tolerant and useful in erosion control due to its suckering habit. Skunkbush sumac, Fragrant sumac Rhus aromatica Ait. He goes on to say, once you're ready to eat them, just add a little moisture. It is native to the western half of Canada and the Western United States, from the Great Plains to California and south through Arizona extending into northern Mexico. – skunkbush sumac Variety: Rhus trilobata Nutt. [5], Casebeer, M. (2004). Learn more about Utah’s range plant Utah Skunkbush Sumac. FEIS ABBREVIATION: RHUTRI SYNONYMS: Rhus aromatica var. Rhus trilobata (Skunkbush Sumac) is a species of shrub in the family Anacardiaceae. South Jordan, Utah. Edible fruit, the plant yields hairy and slightly sticky red berries which have an aroma similar to limes and a very sour taste. Skunkbush may also refer to. 79 p. Martin, P.R. The flowers are animal-pollinated and the seeds are dispersed by animals that eat the berries. 1991a. 1973. The scented leaves of this shrub are arranged in three leaflets. These shrubs look very similar to the related Poison Ivy or Poison Oak (Toxicodendron species), as they all have compound, green leaves with 3 leaflets. The leaves are green when new and turn orange and brown in the fall. pilosissima) and creeping three-Leaf sumac … It has both a taproot and a fibrous root system. Western US and TEXAS NATIVE. Roots are deep and extensively branched with somewhat shallow, spreading woody rhizomes. It can be found from deserts to mountain peaks up to about 7,000 feet (2,100 m) in elevation. Home / Native / Rhus Trilobata (Skunkbrush Sumac) Rhus Trilobata (Skunkbrush Sumac) $ 12.98 – $ 48.50. These include Rhus aromatica, native to eastern North America, and western poison-oak. [3] They can be baked into bread or mixed into porridge or soup. FORUMS. Skunkbush sumac is a perennial, warm-season native that has many branches. [4], The Uncompahgre Ute name for the berries is mah wup, and the bush is called ece. 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